The 20th Anniversary of Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies


Foreword


Thus I Have Come



Founder of the Institute, Ven. Sheng-yen

Because the Chinese Buddhist community lacked both a good learning environment and a high quality education system, I made vows to make a contribution.



Because I only received an elementany eduction, I hoped to provide ample opportunities for future generations to receive higher education.

Because the decline of Chinese Buddhism resulted from the lack of scholars, I pronounced."If we don't invest in education, Buddhism has no future".

Because our domestic Buddhist community was unable to nurture Buddhists to meet international standards, I decided to go to Japan to further my studies, even thaugh I was already forty-odd years old at the time, and my decicion was opposed by the Buddhist community. With determination, I confronted problems such as school fees, language barriers, and lack of previous academic training.

Because the Chinese Buddhist community did not have a sectarian system and organizational structure as found in Japan, there was no planned cultivation of future successors. Young people were not sent abroad with the support of a sect. Furthermore, it was hard to unite all Buddhist monasteries together to strive for future survival and advance an educational development proposal. After the Meiji Restoration, the Japanese adopted Western European methods, with each Buddhist sect establishing its own univers ity. But Chinese Buddhists were out on their own, each responsible for only their own survival and each competing to be the leader. Under these circumstances, it was difficult to find a great Buddhist leader and hard to create durable and ideal conditions for Buddhism.

The Chinese Buddhist community needed talented people, yet few were willing to cultivate these talents. Some monasteries set up Buddhist institutes in order to maintain appearances but these usually only survived for a few years. Some really had the heart to develop a good Buddhist education, but they did not have experience in establishing a school, nor did they have a sufficient vision for the future. Most institutes were faced with difficulties such as shortage of funds and high personnel turnover. Conf ronted with internal and external problems and setbacks, they generally closed after only a few years. Even though a number of monasteries have continued operating their institutes through sheer willpower, it was difficult for them to attain a level of quality equal to a university.

Even after receiving my Ph.D. in literature in Japan, I was not as lucky as earlier Japanese Buddhist scholars who had studied in Europe. Their sectarian system had already prepared a modern educational environment for them. But in the Chinese Buddhist community, the ground work where I could contribute what I had learned had not been layed. Thus an old classmate from the Buddhist Institute at Shang-Hai Jing An Temple named Ven. Huan Sheng described me as someone who had obtained a driver's license but had no car to drive. I vowed that in conditions where no cars could be found, I would create cars for others to drive and ride. I often encouraged myself by saying, "What urgently needs to be done, what is required to be done by people, I will do it!" It was due to this aspiration that I went abroad to study after coming out of seclusion in the mountains, and it was the reason also due to this aspiration that I went to the United States after completing my studies in Japan, and it was the reason why I returne d to Taiwan from America to supervise a Buddhist institute.



In Japan, I learned the methods of scholarly research and came in contact with the fresh air of modern education and modern academia. While I was instructing Chan practice in America, I took the opportunity to lecture at over sixty universities in both the United States and Europe. There, I saw the campuses, educational facilities, and academic customs of prominent universities. In addition, I had the chance to befriend many leading scholars who helped me broaden my vision and perspective. This was very beneficial in setting up the curriculum of the Institute.

Thus, every time we hold an International Buddhist Scholarly Conference, we have prominent Buddhist scholars willing to participate and present their papers. We also employ top international Buddhist scholars to teach at the Institute. This has certainly been a major influence in elevating the quality of Buddhist education and the level of Buddhist scholarly research, as well as nurturing talented Buddhists, and rehabilitating the image of Buddhism.

As everyone already knows, I am very grateful for the precursor of the Institute, which was the Institute of Institute Studies of China Academy at Yang Ming Shan's Chinese Cultural College. Had we not had this initial apportunity, there would have been no starting point for me to create a Buddhist Institute. Because the institute was in a university, it could be associated with an academic institution's name. First the founder, Mr. Chang Chi-yun, asked me to be a professor in the Philosophy Department, and then invited me to be the director of the Buddhist Institute. My students were originally philosophy research students in the doctoral and graduate programs. When the Buddhist Institute started recruiting students, the applicants were naturally students who had completed their undergraduate degrees. The Philosophy Department students and Buddhist Institute students attended the same classes. Even though the Ministry of Education did not accept the Buddhist Institute's degree, it required our students to follow the regulations of most research departments. Therefore compared to Buddhist institutes established by the monasteries, we had an advantage in controlling the educational environment and the quality of our faculty and students.

Before going abroad for my studies, I did not have any lay disciples. In 1978, when I first returned to Taiwan to assume the position of director, I did not know where to find support for my endeavors in education. In 1981, our founder, Mr. Chang, encouraged me to recruit students. Fortunately, Ven. Chen-yi of the Hua Yen Lotus Society became the assistant director. We combined the couple of dozen disciples of the Lotus Society with my few lay disciples and organized a Dharma Upholders Society, which provided monthly donations to sustain the institutes' expenditures. In 1984, Mr. Chang became very ill. Because of this and some personnel changes, the Institute was instructed to stop recruiting students and prepare to close. In order to continue the work of Buddhist education, I founded the lnstitute the following year. New students were recruited at Peitou's Nung Chan Monastery, while classes were held at the Yang Ming Shan campus. In 1986, I managed to rebuild the Chung-hwa Institute of Buddhist Culture at Peitou bequeathed by my late teacher Ven. Dong-chu, and lent it to the Institute. With this, we had a stable environment with both school buildings and a dormitory. In September of 2001, the Institute will have a permanent campus when it moves to Dharma Drum Mountain. Twenty years have passed since we first recruited students for the first school session. During this time, I have been very grateful to the two directors, Prof. Lee Chih-fu and Prof. Fang Ning-shu, and the assistant directors Ven. Hui-min and Prof. Wu Kwan, for helping me greatly in administrative affairs. Without their assistance, not only would the Institute have been unable to grow as quickly, I wouldn't have been able to go abroad and propagate Buddhism. In addition, but I wouldn't have been able to take care of the Dharma Drum Sangha and volunteer disciples.

Certainly, I also want to thank all the professors and colleagues who assumed teaching and administrative responsibilities at the Institute through the years. They were able to take the ideals of the Institute as their own principles and their own tasks, and they cared for the research students through every session as their own brothers and sisters. Thus I had no cause to worry. I also want to thank the students of every session for taking the distinction of the Institute and adopting it as their own. The faculty and staff of the Institute are honored to have made the connection with all these outstanding students.

Twenty years of work in the educational field is not long, but for the Chinese Buddhist community, it cannot be considered short. After moving to Dharma Drum Mountain, the Institute will encounter new challenging and enter new phases. From now on, we need to proceed into multi-faceted research and globalization of our perspective.

I am glad to be called a fool because working for education produces neither an immediate and apparent result nor a finacial return. My belief is this: Planting seeds is more important than harvesting. After 100 years, future generations will have an abundant harvest. These reflections were written as the preface of this special issue.



Objectives

Enhance Chinese culture,
Promote international
Buddhist scholarly research
Foster a high standard of Buddhist education and develop talent.




A Great River Starts With A Trickle



For thirty-three years I have assisted Ven. Sheng-yen at the Institute. And although during the early years I held no position, I actively participated in the affairs of the Institute under the directorship of Professor Fan Ning-shu and the guidance of the Master.

The Institute has admitted twenty sessions since its inauguration, and although the students have different personalities and interests, there is always a great sense of affinity between us at the first meeting. And with this initial connection as a base for our relationships, we conduct the entrance examinations and hold interviews. It is also this sense of affinity that inspires us through the following three or four years.

The Institute is like a river, and the students like water running through. Majestic, like a rainbow, the river has its moments of peace when still water reflects the moon, and moments of vigor when the water runs fast. Yet, the riverbed always serenely provides the foundation for the flow.

The teachers and the administrative staff of the institute are like the sand and stones in the river--they accompany the running water for a certain distance, then let it pass on its way. Other times they act like gates in the middle of the water, guiding the flow in the most beneficial way to the sea.

There is a saying in the Book of Aue-yi: "when the flow of water meets the sea, all individuality is surrendered " This is similar to "The great sea of emptiness" in Buddhism. Through their support, expectations, and blessings, the faculty and administrative staff give impetus and direction to the flow.


The river finds its source in a small stream; we express our gratitude to all Bodhisttavas.
The small streams merge and create branches of the river; we thank the Sangha.
Each tributary flows into and becomes a wide river; we thank Master Sheng-yen.
The Lotus Sutra says, "From the rain that nurtures the land, we have a flow of water."
Let us be thankful for the blessings of the Buddha.


Principles

Our roots are Chinese,
our branches are global.
Our specialty is Buddhist Studies, and
our aim to uphold orthodox Buddhism.
We combine understanding with practice, and join compassion with wisdom.
Practicality is our priority, and
benefiting others is our emphasis.


The Founder's Vision




Ven. Sheng-yen, Founder of the Institute


At the Shanghai Jin-an Buddhist School(left).


Ven. Sheng-yen was born in 1930 in a humble village in Jiang-su province. He grew up in impoverished conditions and also endured the flooding of the Yang-tze River and the disasters of war. In 1943, at the age of 13, Ven. Sheng-yen became a monk at Lang-shan Temple in Nang-tong County. In 1949, China was enmeshed in political conflict, and he had to disrobe and become a soldier. Consequently, he followed the government's army and moved to Taiwan in 1959. In 1960, he became a monk again under Master Dong-ch u, which led to him spending six years in retreat at Mei-nung in southern Taiwan. At that time, Ven. Sheng-yen felt that academic research would help elevate the whole image of Buddhism, so in 1969, he went to Japan to study at Rissho University. Despite lacking funds, Ven. Sheng-yen persevered and received his Ph.D. in 1975. Upon returning to Taiwan, he taught at Chinese Culture University and Su-cho University and also acted as the director of the Institute of Buddhist Studies of China Academy. In addition, Ven. Sheng-yen founded the Chung-hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, and gave classes on the doctrines of the schools of Chan, Tien-Tai, Hsien Shou, Mind Only, Madhyamaka, and Precept. Ven. Sheng-yen, still dedicating himself to the efforts of Buddhist education, recently founded the Dharma Drum University and Dharma Drum Mountain Sangha University.


Receiving a Doctorate Degree in Literature at Rissho University on 1975.


Ven. Sheng-yen is not only highly regarded as Buddhist scholar, but also for his level of practice and practical way of teaching the Dharma. He has received transmissions from both the Lin-chi and Tsao-tung branches of the Chan School. In the past decades, he has traveled to Eastern and Western countries to teach the doctrines of Chan and has become a world-renowned Chan master.


Having a philosophical dialogue with H.H. Dalai Lama in 1998.


In 1989, he founded Dharma Drum Mountain to fulfill his goal to "uplift the character of humankind and build a pure land on earth. "He also promoted the three major sectors of Buddhist education and four major 21st century environmental protection programs, which have become known as the The Fivefold Mental Renaissance Campaign. These programs are held in high esteem by local social and political groups. In 1998, he held a philosophical dialogue with the Dalai Lama, the leader of one of the four main sects of Tibetan Buddhism, in New York. In 2000, as a leader of Chinese Buddhism, he participated in the Millennium World Peace Summit of Religious and Spiritual Leaders sponsored by the United Nations, and delivered the keynote speech at the opening ceremony. Ven. Sheng-yen has been revered by the media at home and abroad and has become a spokesman for all Chinese Buddhists throughout the world.


Educational Philosophy


Ven.Sheng-yen gives talks and resolves problems at any place and time.


Although the Master did not receive formal schooling, with resolute determination and perseverance, based on his vow to uplift the standard of Buddhist education, he earned a master and doctoral degree from Rissho University in just six years. His hard-earned achievements have won unanimous praise and admiration from scholars and Buddhists at home and abroad. The hardships and difficulties that he experienced made Ven. Sheng-yen even more determined to establish a high level and stable Buddhist education system, and launch more training programs. "My wish is to preserve the wisdom of Chinese Buddhism to the best of my ability", he said, "and, by introducing modern academic standards, research modes, educational systems, and teaching methods that are used overseas, I hope that Buddhist studies in Taiwan will achieve the same standards as mainstream research abroad".

With this vow, Ven. Sheng-yen established the Dharma Drum Mountain Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, which has now grown at a steady and methodical pace to a graded educational system. Therefore, he has actively enhanced Chinese culture, promoted international Buddhist scholarly research, and fostered a high standard of Buddhist education and also harnessed human resources to benefit society.

Graduates of the Buddhist Studies programs have gone on to take up teaching jobs at universities and Buddhist colleges; and those who are engaged in propagating Buddhism have become responsible for literary publications, given public speeches, and are involved in administrative or managerial work. Thus the Institute has adopted a progressive attitude in regards to its educational policies and curricular design. It trains students to think and do research independently based on basic disciplines such as linguistics, methodology, and logic, with an emphasis being placed on speaking, reporting, teaching, management and leadership etc.

In order to develop Buddhism in the long term, Ven. Sheng-yen advocates a multi-faceted nurturing of human resources and hopes that throughout their studies, the research students can bear the goals of the Institute in mind:

    * While our roots are Chinese, our branches are global.
    * Our specialty is Buddhist studies, and our aim to uphold orthodox Buddhism.
    * We combine understanding with practice, and join compassion with wisdom.
    * Practicality is our priority and benefiting others is our emphasis.
Becoming a model for others is not easy, but we hope to vitalize and exert a positive influence on Buddhist education in Taiwan. Like the saying, "Plant trees now and a hundred years later others will enjoy the shade", the Chung-hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies has been planted, and nurtured by the founder. Now, in this 20th year of recruiting students, the Institute is steadily moving towards the 21st century.

It takes nurturing and accumulation of time for trees and people to grow.



History of The Institute




The Beginning-The Course of History


(From left)Founder of the Institute, Ven. Sheng-yen, Founder of the Chinese Culture College, Chang Chi-yun, President of the Chinese Culture College, Pan Wei-ho, Current Director of the Institute, Lee Chih-fu.


The late Minister of Education and the founder of Chinese Culture College, Dr. Chang Chi-yun (1900-1985), established the precursor of the Institute. With the goal of promoting Chinese Studies, he set up a research organization as part of the China Academy to promote Chinese studies. It was located at the Chinese Culture College and called The Institute of Buddhist Studies of the China Academy.

The inauguration ceremony took place on September 11, 1965, at Yang Ming Villa and was presided over by the founder, Mr. Chang. He gave a keynote speech on "Spiritual Cultivation and Personality Education", saying that the flourishing of Buddhism is a factor in the renaissance of Chinese arts. This was the first Chinese academic institution to establish a Buddhist studies institute.


Great People, Great Plans


Ven. Sheng-yen succeeded the post from the third director Mr.Chow Pang-tao in 1978.


The Institute first requested the Deputy Minister of Examination, Professor Chow Pang-tao, who also ranked at the top level of the Higher Examination of the R.O.C., to oversee the preparatory work. Professor Chang Chen-Ji served as second director and Dr. Wu Yi as secretary, and Buddhist books were purchased as a foundation of learning for the Institute. Subsequently, Professor Chang left to teach in the U. S., and Professor Chow was appointed director. Professor Chow then resigned owing to his heavy workload. In 1967, Professor Chang Man-tao was promoted to director. During his term, he continued to purchase books and published the Hwa-kang Buddhist Journal. After Professor Chang went to Japan to teach, Professor Chow succeeded his position for the third time and several dozen titles of the Chung-hwa Buddhist Serials were published.


Ven. Sheng-yen Takes On the Burden


The guests of honor attending the consecration ceremony of Buddha statues and the annual meeting:(from right)President Pan Wei-ho, Director Chow Bang-tao, former Minister of the Control Yuan Chang Wei-han, Ven. Nan-ting, Ven. Sheng-yen, and Ven. Chen-yi.


In 1975, Ven. Sheng-yen, who had received a doctorate in Buddhist literature from Rissho University, Japan, was invited by the government to act as an overseas scholar at the National Development conference. During the conference, Mr. Chang Chi-yun offered him a teaching position. In October of 1978, Professor Chow resigned his directorship due to his failing health. It was also at that time that Master Dong-chu passed away. Following Ven. Dong-chu's final wish, Ven. Sheng-yen returned to Taiwan from the U. S. to head the Chung-hwa Institute of Buddhist Culture. The Graduate School of Philosophy at Chinese Culture College soon invited Ven. Sheng-yen to join the faculty. Then Mr. Chang Chi-yun requested Professor Lee Chi-fu and Professor Pan Wei-ho, the President of Chinese Culture College and secretary-general of the Institute of Buddhist Study of China Academy, to invite Ven. Sheng-yen to become the director.

Since the U. S. Chan Center was also newly established, Ven. Sheng-yen spent half of each year abroad. In addition, besides immediately managing the Chung-hwa Institute of Buddhist Culture, he was also the director of the Sutra Translation Institute at the American Buddhist Association in Taiwan. Since his energy, time, and financial resources were limited, he apponted others to the position of professor and director. Finally, Ven. Sheng-yen undertook a teaching post as Mr. Chang Chi-yun and Principal Pan Wei-ho allowed him to rearrange class times. As for the directorship, the principal Mr. Pan Wei-ho explained, "We will take whatever the Master can give. It has been fourteen years since the Buddhist Studies Institute has been established, and even if there were to be no further development, just to maintain its current condition is enough". Furthermore, Lee Chih-fu and Fang Ning-shu agreed to help the Master, strongly convincing him to assume the position as director of the Institute.


Taking the Rudder and Setting the Sails

Under the inspiration of the Dharma and Buddhist faith, the Master started managing the Institute's affairs. He invited Ven. Chen-yi, a trustee of the Buddhist Association of the Republic of China and Abbot of Hua Yen Lotus Society to serve as deputy director. Ven. Chen-yi at first declined, but the Master, accompanied by Professors Lee Chih-fu and Fang Ning-shu, persuaded to accept the post for the sake of the future of Buddhist higher education. Ven. Chen-yi consented. He assisted the Institute's development by providing financial support, manpower, and ideology. Professor Lee Chih-fu assumed the position of general secretary, Ven. Kuo-hsiang became secretary, and Chen Hsi-ru became her assistant.

Ven. Sheng-yen lecturing to MA students of the Graduate Program of Philosophy at the Chinese Culture College.


In the succession of the Installation of the new director on October 12, 1978, President Pan stated that the goals of the Institute were: 1. to recruit students, 2. to publish an Institute newsletter, and 3. to host academic activities. After the ceremony inaugurating the director and deputy director, Mr. Chang Chi-yun delivered a speech entitled, "The Plan to Revive Buddhism", in which he indicated that the Chinese Culture College would serve as a foundation to revive Buddhism by undertaking 1. education, 2. construction of temples, and 3. development of tourism. The education plan was to enroll university graduate students for classes in Buddhist studies during a three-year period, an incentive was the availability of a generous scholarship. After submitting papers and graduating, the students would be presented with diplomas.

This marked a new epoch in Chinese Buddhist higher education since the time the founder, Professor Chang, asked Ven. Hsiao-yun to teach at the Chinese Culture College in 1967. At that time, she was the first Sangha member to enter the faculty of an academic institution. Now, an initiative was taken to invite Sangha members to accept the positions of director and deputy director at the Institute of Buddhist Study, and an area of 3,600 square feet was provided for Buddhist Study research and classes. This was unprecedented, and everyone resolved to do their best in capitalizing on this rare opportunity.


Protecting the Dharma and Management Issues

As for fundraising, the disciples of the Chung-hwa Institute of Buddhist Culture and the Hwa Yen Lotus Society set up a Dharma Supporter Board of Trustees. Those who donated more than NT$10,000 dollars became board members, and those who gave between NT$1000 and NT$10,000 became Dharma Supporter Members. There were several elders and lay disciples who gave regular donations, and those who contributed on an irregular basis. The first Board Director was Mr. Chen Tze-jin, who was later succeeded by Mr. Yang Cheng. Duing Mr. Yang's term, the council changed its name to The Dharma Upholders Society upon the construction of Dharma Drum Mountain. After the establishment of the Dharma Drum Mountain Cultural and Educational Foundation, it was again changed to the Dharma Drum Mountain General Association of Dharma Upholders. The incumbent director was Mr. Chen Chia-nan. In order to support Buddhist higher education, everyone participated in fund raising efforts for the development of Buddhist studies research and the construction of Dharma Drum Mountain.

The founder with the Acting Board of Trustees in 1988.



Scholarly Achievements and Influence


Hwa-Kang Buddhist Journal became Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal.


As we were in a position to offer adequate fees, there was an increase in the hiring of Buddhist research fellows, who were scholars at home and abroad and were able to offer them. In 1980, the fourth issue of the Hwa-kang Buddhist Journal, which had been out of circulation for three years, was published. Since then, it has been published continuously and is now in its eighth edition. The publication was targeted at domestic scholars, directors, the National Library and university literature and historical libraries, as well as temples with large libraries. Overseas publication abroad was aimed primarily at Japan, Korea, and United States, but also included European and South East Asian libraries. It won high acclaim within domestic and international academic circles.


Crucial Milestone-Formal Student Recruitment

In order to support student recruitment, the Administrative Office and Dean's Office of the Chinese Culture College and the China Academy assisted the Institute of Buddhist Study in academic administration, system, regulations, and bookkeeping. Students could use the library freely and enjoy the same discount on dormitory fees as other students studying at the university. In preparation to recruit first to third session students, Professor Lee Chih-fu acted as a volunteer for five years. He dedicated his w isdom, labor, and time to academic and administrative affairs, contacting schools, and planning and promoting affairs for the Board of Trustee matters--even paying transportation fees out of his own pocket.

The first inaugural ceremony held in Ching-ye Hall in 1981.


With all conditions fulfilled, in August 1981 the Institute of Buddhist Studies of China Academy enrolled the first session research students, most of whom were university graduates of high academic standards. The opening ceremony was held on September 19th in the Art Hall of the Chinese Culture College and was presided over by the founder, Mr. Pan Wei-ho. Senior monk Ven. Nan-ting, Ven. Chu-yun, and other Sangha members, lay disciples, and professors were present. Master Sheng-yen stated in his speech, "Our Institute is the first organization in history to use a modern approach to nurture high quality Buddhist scholars. Besides it being an honor, it was also very arduous. Our institute is paving the way for other Buddhist educational organizations. The future of our post graduates is bound to be bright".


Refined Research Courses


The Indian instructor Biswadeb Mukherjee teaching students Sanskrit.


In order for the Institute to attain its goal of creating scholars of international stature, the curriculum was planned with special care. Because there was no comparable precedent at home, the curriculum was based on research institutes at Buddhist universities in Japan. The first year stressed ancient languages such as Sanskrit and Pali, and courses comparable to those in Religion Departments or Buddhist studies programs were offered. During the second year, intensive research training began, emphasizing Chinese and Indian Buddhism. In order to fully utilize the academic resources of modern international research, Japanese and English courses were offered together with those on how to read original Sanskrit and Pali manuscripts.

At first, the students felt a lot of pressure from having to learn so many different languages simultaneously. But from the third year on, each one of them automatically added complementary language lessons and spent extra time to learn German and French in order to be able to read more international research papers. Today, the mid-term and end-term papers and theses written to apply for scholarships have reached a level appropriate to research scholars. Some papers of a fairly high academic level have also been published in university journals, while the language and academic levels of students studying abroad has gained international affirmation.

These results are due to the consistent faculty of the Institute, such as Ven. Da-ho, Ven. Heng-ch'ing , Ven. Huey-yen, Ven Hui-min, Ven. Hou-kuan, Mr. Lee Chih-fu, Mr. Lan Chi-fu, Mr. Yang Yu-wen, Ms. Chen Ying-shan, Mr. Tso Sze-bong and other professors who taught at other universities or were Buddhist masters or scholars with outstanding academic achievements. There were overseas faculty members such as Dr. Biswadeb Mukherjee, who was the head of the Chinese Department at University of Viswa-Bharati in India, Dr. Christian Wittern and Friedrich F. Grohmann from Germany, and Ven. Hsin-kung from the Czech Republic.


The Launch of Indepen-dence-An End and A New Beginning

In 1981, the Culture College became a university. Its subsidiary, the Institute of Buddhist Studies of the China Academy, ceased recruiting students in 1984 after having done so for three years. One of the reasons was that if the Institute were changed to an A-grade graduate school, then all previous students would have to re-register, and it would then be difficult to manage such a large number of students. Another reason was that Mr. Chang Chi-yun was hospitalized, so he could no longer take care of school matters. Furthermore, the Theological Seminary accused the China Academy of being partial in allowing the Institute of Buddhist Study to accept students and petitioned the Ministry of Education. The Ministry then sent a warning to Chinese Culture University.


The rebuilt five stories building of Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Culture.


Under these circumstances, the director and deputy director together indicated that the Institute of Buddhist Studies of the China Academy should stop recruiting students, but Buddhist higher education could not be discontinued. Therefore, in the fall of 1983, under the name "the Chung-hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies" it continued to accept new students. Besides the change in name, the objectives, structure, and faculty qualifications remained the same. The facilities were more complete, and students mo stly lived in the campus dormitories. These were all steps towards the Institute's goals.

In 1986, the old single-story house of the Chung-hwa Institute of Buddhist Culture was reconstructed as a five-story building with an area of 983.42 square meters. An area of 661.14 square meters was provided for classrooms. In 1987, an application to the Ministry of Education for formal recognition was submitted. The ninth issue of the Hwa-kang Buddhist Journal was also changed and became the first issue of the Chung-hwa Buddhist Journal on July 1st. In that same year, the Institute was granted educational status, and the inaugural ceremony was held on August 22nd, with Mr. Yu Jun-hsian, past president of the Control Yuan and a senior advisor to the president, invited to cut the ribbon. More than 300 guests from home and abroad participated. Besides the continuation of educational and academic vision, the Institute of Buddhist Study of China Academy and Chung-hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies did not have any administrative connection.


Aspirations For Expanding Present Productivity

The Ministry of Education has passed a law governing private universities setting up colleges of religious studies. At present (2001), the Research Institute will soon be recognized, and diplomas will be conferred on students. In the future, the work of studying and practicing Buddhism will be more deeply rooted in the formal educational system.


The achievements of the Institute for the past two decades have already set an example for Buddhist education. Students who have graduated or finished their M. A. courses in all previous sessions either have received or will receive Ph.D. degrees. Some have returned to teach at their alma mater, while others have gone to countries such as Germany, America, Japan, the Netherlands, Australia, and New Zealand to pursue advanced studies. Those who stayed at home have devoted themselves to Buddhist education, culture, and studies.

Most eminent Chinese Buddhist monks and scholars of the past studied industriously by themselves. Now our graduates are expected to be modern high-level Buddhist academics. They are intelligent, grounded, and possess tremendous potential for development. They have laid their foundation at home and pursued further studies overseas. After finishing their education, they will become international scholars who give what they have learned in gratitude to their Chinese Buddhist heritage. They will nurture the next generation, and even if the next generation of students does not go abroad to study, they will still have the ability to become international Buddhist scholars. This has been the objective and goal of the Institute since the beginning. This spirit of education continues, and the future of Chinese Buddhism is brighter than ever.

The Inauguration ceremony of 2001 at Dharma Drum Mountain.



Geographic Location




Preface


Ceremonies for foundation laying and treasure burying in the underground palace on the Dharma Drum Mountain.



Students and faculty participate in the event.


Upon the twentieth anniversary of its founding, the Chung-hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies officially moved to its newly completed campus at Dharma Drum Mountain. One could say that this has great significance for the beginning of a new era in Buddhist higher education.

Thousands of devotees praying together for Dharma Drum Mountain's prosperity.



The Hwa-kang Period (1978-1983)

The Institute of Buddhist Study of China Academy was the predecessor of the Institute, and through the diligence and management of many directors, a firm foundation was established. In 1978, Master Sheng-yen, the founder of this institute, was asked by Dr. Chang Chi-yun, the founder of Chinese Culture College, to assume the position of director of The Institute of Buddhist Study of China Academy. Located in a part of the campus of Chinese Culture College, it was like a Pure Land in the midst of an institution of higher education.

The Institute of Buddhist Studies of China Academy was located on the ninth floor of Ta-en Building during the "Hwa-Kang"period.



The Peitou Period(1985-2001)


The original facade of Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Culture.


In 1984, The Chinese Culture College became an university. Due to the poor health of the founder, Mr. Chang Chi-yun, along with his successor's concerns about issues of management and the recognition of it's degrees, the Institute temporarily stopped recruiting students. But through the determination of the director and assistant director, the Institute was established in Pei-tou, a suburb of Taipei, in the fall of 1985. The Chung-hwa Institute of Buddhist Culture established in 1955 by Ven. Dong-Chu, was formerly located in a Japanese style single story house. After Ven. Sheng-yen assumed the position of abbot, it was rebuilt into a five-floor building in 1985 as a joint venture with a construction company: The second and fourth floors were used as the Institute's classrooms, library, and office. And, as a donation from the construction company, the few rooms in the Dong-Chu Villa next to the Institute were offered as a dormitory for research students and faculty members. Thus the Institute had a secure location among the mountains, forests, and natural hot springs of the Peitou area. The sixteen years of nurturing the lnstitute have paid off and the academic achievements of the students have been noted and applauded.

The Great Hall on the fifth floor is a good place for group practice and faculty-student social life.



The Establishment of Dharma Drum Mountain

Through continual growth in the number of faculty and the size of the student body, as well as the accumulation of educational resources (books, computers, copy machines, etc.), the facilities became overly crowded. It was necessary to make room for the growing number of Institute graduates to continue working, researching, or to return to become part of the institute. Moreover, to accommodate the ever-increasing number of monks, nuns, and lay adherents at Nung Chan Monastery, where Ven. Sheng-yen presides as abbot, while also addressing the city's wish to expropriate the land of the monastery site, an auspicious site was sought to carry out both research and religious cultivation . Through an extensive search by Professor Fang Ning-shu, Director of Chung-hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, Chairman Yang Cheng, and Board member Lin Hsien-cheng, along with the help of over a thousand devout adherents who chanted the Dharani of Great Compassion to evoke divine assistance from the Bodhisattva Guanyin, the Dharma Drum Mountain site was finally found in March of 1989.

The Dhama Drum Mountain sill become a international Buddhist Campus.



Naming Dharma Drum Mountain


From here on up:Dharma Drum Mountain.


Dharma Drum Mountain is located near San-chieh Village, Chin-shan County, in northern Taiwan where the Tamshui-Chinshan Highway and Yangmingshan-Chinshan highway intersect. Backed by verdant mountains and facing the picturesque Chinshan plains and a green bay, Dharma Drum Mountain is situated in a landscape of year-round lush vegetation above a bowl- shaped valley resembling a drum. Thus, Ven. Sheng-yen, citing a passage from the Lotus Sutra said, "For the benefit of those in the heavenly and human realms, the One honored by men and Gods, in propagating the unsurpassed dharma, struck a great dharma drum... -and the sound reverberated over a great distance..." By striking the drum of the Buddha dharma, people everywhere can benefit from the dharma, returning to the spirit of the Bodhisattva path of energy, diligence, advancement, and transformation of sentient beings with the Buddhadharma. For this reason, he named the mountain Dharma Drum.


Education and Administration Building


Education and Administration Building that welcomes the great new era of the Institute.


In order to provide an all-inclusive educational system and environment, the building has been constructed with the educational facilities at the center. The educational center connects to both the International Conference Hall and the Library, thus bringing together the administrative, educational, and research functions to form a complete integrated whole.


International Conference Hall

This hall has been built to incorporate state-of-the-art multi-functional electronic equipment of infernational standards and it is intended to accommodate large scale international academic conferences. Such ultramodern facilities enhance academic exchanges with international counterparts, as well as a variety of other academic activities. With multi-lingual simultaneous interpretation services, participants at these events will receive the maximum possible benefit.


Library


The library, treasure of knowledge.


The library will accommodate 300,000 books, including a number of Buddhist scriptures printed in a variety of languages and available in differing rescensions. While Chinese will be the primary language, resources in English, Japanese, German, French, Russian, Sanskrit, Pali, Tibetan, and other languages will also be available. Such resources will include research on Buddhist texts, dissertations, CD-Roms, videotapes, audio tapes, etc..

The library has many facilities, notably a reading room, individual research carrels, and classrooms with audio-video capacity. Most importantly, it also has internet capabilities, connecting to the web-sites of libraries both in Taiwan and abroad. The library is capable of providing a variety of services.


Dormitory and Dining Hall for Staff and Honored Guests


Dormitory and Dining Hall for Staff and Guests


Ven. Sheng-yen has thoughtfully provided for the basic needs of food, lodging, and transportation for the entire faculty and staff. At the Dharma Drum Mountain campus, there are dormitory accommodations and dining facilities for both single and married faculty members. This provision will allow the dedicated staff and faculty to fully devote themselves to fulfilling Ven. Sheng-yen's vision of creating an earthly pure land. The dormitory and dining facilities are, moreover, able to accommodate visiting scholars from home and abroad.


Program Information




Educational System


The Institute's collection of books is well known among Buddhist scholars.


Each academic year the institute admits 10 to 12 full-time students who have passed a selective entrance examination and who hold a college degree to a three-year intensive graduate program. During the three years of study, the institute provides free tuition, study related expenses, room and board, plus a monthly stipend of NT$5,000 to cover miscellaneous expenses. In addition, since 1990 a number of part-time students have enrolled on two-year programs, and since 1998 non-matriculated students have been provided with courses which are not subject to the admission requirements of the regular courses. Admission to the latter course is via selective examination.


Pre-admission Information

The program of study at the institute has many distinctive features, and in order to gain a thorough understanding of these, all prospective students are invited to participate in discussions at a pre-admission symposium. The topics of discussion are as follows:

  • 1. Evaluation of motivation: Why does the prospective student choose Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies?

  • 2. Curriculum Information: What are the courses offered at the Institute?

  • 3. Process and Method: What are the admission requirements?

  • 4. Future Prospects: What qualifications will the students receive on graduation?


Reference books form the core of the students' preparatory material for examinations.


The aim of the symposium is to guide and counsel prospective students who are interested in Buddhism. In addition, we hope to share with them the experiences of present students and to introduce them to our rich store of recourses and educational talent.


Sharing in Campus Life

Besides its special curriculum, the institute also differentiates from other university departments and graduate schools' by its integration of study and daily life activities. For example, students organize canteen councils which assist with preparing meals during weekdays and are fully responsible for the kitchen on Sundays. In this way, students are able to establish relationships outside the academic classroom environment. Moreover, with the intention of developing social skills, each student is designated a sector of common area for which he or she is responsible for keeping clean and tidy. And in addition, as the Dharma Drum Mountain is a Ch'an center, students are encouraged to attend the morning and evening ceremonies conducted by the resident master, and also to participate in the 7-day meditation retreats that are held during the summer and winter vacations.

freshmen receive care and attention from seniors.



Assistance in Study

One of the distinctive characteristics of the Institute is the establishment of family like support groups: On entering the institute each new student is assigned to a group headed by a senior student responsible for assisting the new student adapt to the campus life. In addition, each group is assigned a faculty member who primarily serves as a student advisor, but who also offers additional support as needed. Furthermore, scheduled interviews and individual consultations are arranged so that the students can meet and discuss with their teachers any problems they may be experiencing regarding the course work or campus life.

A mutual exchange of ideas and views are shared between the faculty members and students.



Scholarships

Upon graduating, a student may apply for a scholarship to study abroad directly from this institute or from other institutions which we have an established relationship. Up to the end of 2001, the institute had awarded almost US$20,000,000 in scholarships to over 20 alumni to further their studies overseas. Each year, a total of between US$111,000 and US $3,100,000 is awarded. Take the academic year 2000 as standard example.

Country by country break down of scholarships awarded for the academic year 2000:

    U.S.A. US$11,507
    New Zealand US$18,000
    United Kingdom US$41,800
    Japan US$11,575
    Germany US$17,682
    Holland US$10,435

Extra-curricular Activities

Extra-curricular activities arranged by the Institute may be mandatory or optional. All students of the Institute are required to take off-campus studies in the first semester and to attend gatherings of faculty members and students in the second semester. Additionally, there are two events of "founder's time" and one "dean's time" each semester.


The seven banyan trees provide shade for a picnic.


Optional extra-curricular activities based on the recommendations of the students are scheduled on Wednesdays each week, and rotating monthly meetings are organized by students of each grade.


Monks and nuns from Nung Chan Monastery join the lecture at the Institute.


Besides the above activities held during semester time, during the longer breaks we also encourage students to join 7-day ch'an retreats and 7-day recitation retreats, meditation and study groups, symposiums, and to go traveling. Otherwise, students may like to participate in organizing summer Buddhist camps and academic conferences. Through undertaking these activities we hope the students can develop practical skills in organizing and management.


Job Placement After Graduation

A student having completed studies on this program with outstanding achievement will be offered the following job opportunities:

  • (1)Research assistant or member of the faculty or the administrative staff of the Institute.

  • (2)Staff member of Dharma Drum Mountain International or one of its affiliates.

  • (3)Advanced study abroad through the selection or recommendation or with financial support of the Institute

  • (4)Employment by other Buddhist colleges or Buddhist-related institutions through the Institute's recommendation.


Curriculum Description


Curriculum

Because there is no department for Buddhist studies at any university in Taiwan, we have designed a three-year intensive program for Buddhist studies comprising of courses at the basic, advanced and specialized levels in order to accommodate students of differing interests.


Students in class.


The curriculum of the Institute includes four groups of courses, namely Chinese Buddhism, Indian Buddhism, Tibetan Buddhism, and information Buddhism. One of the special features of the Institute's curriculum is to emphasize training in the languages used in Buddhist scriptures, i.e. Sanskrit, Pali, and Tibetan. Through these programs we hope to train students to become competent in reading scriptures. In addition, in order that the students will be able to keep abreast with international trends in research, we offer intensive courses in contemporary languages such as English and Japanese and also on application of resources on Internet.


Achievements


Off-campus teaching: visiting the Confucian temple.


During the three years on campus, all students of the Institute, whether they be ordained or lay members of the Sangha, will have formed bonds of deep friendship. Through their shared experiences, they will have learnt to help and support each other and, like a family, grown both individually and as a whole.It is our believe that offering educational opportunities to all without discrimination will bring the Buddhist Dharma into every stratum of society and in this way in accords with the original and true spirit of Buddhist education.


Summer camp union.


Over the past 20 years, the Institute has admitted 182 students, with 55 students in residence at any one time, including 30 full-time, 15 part-time, and 10 non-matriculated students. A total of 144 students have completed all required credits, and 70 have finished their theses. Among the alumni of the Institute, three have received doctoral degrees from Japanese and American universities, 14 have received master degrees, and over 10 are now studying in Japan, the U.S.A., the U.K., Germany, India, New Zealand, and Holland. Other members of the alumni with either degrees or diplomas awarded by the Institute are mostly undertaking research or teaching at universities and Buddhist colleges while others are working in the fields of publication, cultural activities, and journalism.


Schedule of Courses

First YearCourseLecturer
Required Courses:Topics on Religious StudiesMaster. Sheng-Yen
 Studies on Indian Buddhist HistoryLAN,CHEN,TSAI,HUI
General Electives:Chinese Buddhist HistoryTsao Shih-pang
 Tibetan Buddhist HistoryChen Yieo-Hsin
Electives:Studies on AgamaYang Yu-wen
 Analysis of Works on Chinese Buddhist HistoryTsao Shih-pang
 Sanskrit(1)Ven. Kuo-che
 Tibetan(1)Liao Pen-sheng
 Japanese(1)Lan pi-chu
 Buddhist EnglishCheng chen-huang
 Materials on Buddhist HistoryLan chi-fu
 Fun with SutrasKao Ming-tao
 Fundamental Logic of Tibetan BuddhismChen Yieo-hsin
 History of Indian PhilosophyLin Huang-chou
 comparative Study of Hinduism and Mahayana BuddhismLin Huang-chou
 Studies on Pure-land PhilosophyVen. Hui-yen
 Theories of Tien-Tai Method of StudyChen Ying-shan
 Theories of Hua-Yen Method of StudyChen Ying-shan
 Methodology of Buddhist Studies:Book of HumanityChen Mei-hua
 Tien-Tai Theories of Cessation of Thought and Seeking WisdomVen. Ta-hang
Second & Third YearCourseLecturer
 Thesis Project Approval CommitteeCommittee members
General Electives:India Studies, Japanese for Buddhist Studies(2)Kuo Chung-yao
 Seletive Readings of Japanese Buddhism Works(Japanese2)Ven. Hui-yen
Electives for Chinese Buddhism Group:  
Studies on Pure-Land PhilosophyVen. Hui-yen
Theories of Hua-Yen Method of StudyChen Ying-shan
 Tien-Tai Theories of Cessation of Thought and Seeking WisdomVen.Ta-hang
 Theories of Hua-Yen Method of StudyChen Ying-shan
Electives for Indian Buddhism Group:  
Studies on Sanskrit Scriptures on yoga AsceticismVen. Hui-min
Indian Buddhismon Yoga Asceticism
 alaya and Studies in Sanskrit Literature of the Yogacara 
 Theories of Ming Chu, Title 18 (Sanskrit 2)Wan, Chin-chuan
 Sanskrit Buddhist Texts (2)Biswadeb Mukherjee(in English)
 Studies on Topics of yogacarabhumLee Chih-fu
 Pali for the BeginnersBiswadeb Mukherjee(in English)
Electives for Tibetan Buddhism Group:  
comparative Study of Hinduism and Mahayana BuddhismLin Huang-chou
Lam rim che ba (Tibetan 2)Liao Pen-Sheng
 madhyamak vatarabh ya(Tibetan 2)覺嵋堪布
 Selected Readings on Tibetan (Tibetan 2)Hsiao Chin-sung


Lectures and Exchanges




Lectures


After a lecture, Prof. Michael Witzel dined with Prof. Chen, who had acted as his interpreter, along with the Vice Director, and Prof. Mukherjee.


In order to broaden the students' vision, and to make academic exchanges with the international reseanrch community, we have invited many renowned domestic and foreign scholars to give lectures or hold seminars at our Institute. In addition, we have requested more than forty Buddhologists specializing in various areas of Buddhism to be our research associates and to contribute to the Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal, and also to serve as reviewers and editors of the journal.

Dr. Masaaki Chikusa posed for a group picture with Ven. Hui-yen, who had acted as his interpreter, and the students.



Domestic Exchanges


Lee Chih-fu, the director, went on an outing with students.


In order to promote academic exchanges and share research with various universities and Buddhist colleges in the country, the Institute co-sponsors conferences and symposiums on Buddhist Studies on a rotating basis with other universities and Buddhist colleges. The Institute also holds an annual conference for its full-time researchers, and organizes a summer camp managed by students from the Institute to provide an opportunity for university undergraduate students to participate in Buddhist Studies. Due to the tremendous success of this activity, we have made the camp into a research camp and seminar so that participants may delve more deeply into the subjects presented.

Faculty and students visited the Historical Languages Research Department at the Academia Sinica.



Buddhist Studies Summer Camp for University Undergraduates


The 1990 College Youth Summer Camp.


Students from the Institute assited by the staff members, organize the summer camp, which are held in order to take full advantage of the summer vacation. During the camp, renunciants and lay scholars introduce contemporary research methods in Buddhist studies with the hope of stimulating young Buddhists into conducting their own research in Buddhism. The topics covered over the last few years include:"The Union of Ancient and Modern Buddhism", "The Interaction Between Academic Research and Religious Faith", "Where to Look for Chan", "Life with Precepts, Meditative Stabilization, and Wisdom".

Professor Chen Shih-yen taught at the 1994 College Summer Camp.



Buddhist Studies Summer Camp for University Undergraduates


Conference on "Buddhist Studies and Information Science."


Since 1995, the summer camps have been conducted as research camps and seminars. The topics for the first two years were respectively: "Buddhist Studies and Buddhist Practice", "The View on Liberation in Mahayana Buddhism", and in the third year, the participants studied research papers compiled by associates of the Institute. In 1999, a seminar, which focused on the topic of "Buddhist Studies and Information Science," was held. In 2000, the Buddhist Studies camp was conducted under a conference style format, while in 2001, the topic for discussion was "Buddhism and Religious Phenomena in Taiwan."

The 2000 Buddhist Summer Seminar on "Buuddhism and Religious Syndromes in Taiwan."



Off-campus Instruction


Faculty and students posed in front of the Sharira Stupa at Shan Kuang temple for a group photograph.


In addition to it's regular classes, the Institute also conducts off-campus study group through which inter-school exchanges are arrenged. This kind of study has been shown to expand the students' view and allow them to contextualize what they have learned in the classroom as well as cemeat friendships. Some examples are as follows: In 1988, we visited Venerable Yin-shun in Nantou, Lingshan Chan Monastery, Jing-lu Monastery in Luku, and Jing-chuei Monastery in Miaoli. In 1989, the founder, Venrable Sheng-yen led us to visit the Tien Educational Center, Faculty of Theology at Fujen Catholic University. In 1990 we visited Yuan-Guang Buddhist College in Chung-li, Siang-guang Monastery in Jiayi, De-shan Monastery in Chushan, and Jing-lu Monastery in Nantou. In 1995 we visited Yuan-Guang Monastery on Mt. Shitou (Lion-head) in Hsinchu. In 1998, we paid a visit to Hsiuan-Chuang University, Fa-yuan Monastery, Yi-tong Monastery, and Fu-yen Buddhist College.

Faculty and students posed in front of Fa Yuan Temple with Ven. Kwan-jang.



International Exchanges

To promote inter-university cooperation, the Institute has established a sister relationship with ten institution (see list below). Through these cooperation pacts, an exchange of students, publications and research fellows are conducted on a regular basis.

    1989, Bukkyo University, Japan.

    Signing co-operation contracts with the Buddhist Cultural Institute at Bukkyo University, Japan.



    1989, The Dhammakaya Foundation, Thailand.

    Signing co-operation contracts with the Dhammakaya Foundation, Thailand.



    1990, Dept. of Asian Languages and Cultures, University of Michigan, USA.

    Siging co-operation contracts with the University of Michigan, USA



    1991, Rissho University, Japan.

    Signing co-operation contracts with the Rissho University, Japan



    1994, Komazawa University, Japan

    Signing co-operation contracts with the Komazawa University, Japan



    1998, Hanazono University, Japan

    Signing co-operation contracts with the Hanazono University, japan



    1999, Zhongshan University, Mainland China.

    Signing co-operation contracts with the Zhongshan University, Mainland China



    1999, Nanjing University, Mainland Chain.

    Nanjing Uniiverity, Mainland China



    2000, Saint-Petersburg State University, Russia

    Signing co-operation contracts with the Saint-Petersburg State University, Russia.



    2002, Dept. of Religious Studies, University of Virginia, USA

    Signing co-operation contracts with the University of Virginia, USA on 2002




Conductiong International Conferences

The first Chung-Hwa International Conference on Buddhism was held on January 19-21 in 1990 at the National Library. There were one hundred and six participants from fourteen countries. The main topic for the conference was "Buddhist Ethics and Modern Society."

The second Chung-Hwa International Conference on Buddhism was held on July 18-21 in 1992 at the Grand Hotel. There were over one hundred participants from eleven countries, and the main topic for the conference was "Buddhist Precepts and Modern Society."

Group Pictures of the 2nd Chung-Hwa International Conference on Buddhism.


The National Cultural Association, Committee of Religion Studies sponsored the event, and the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies organized the International Conference on "Buddhism and Chinese Culture" at the National Library in 1994. Both Bishop Yu-Bin and Ven. Sheng-yen co-hosted the opening of the conference.

Getting together after the meeting.


The third Chung-Hwa International Conference on Buddhism was held from July 19 to 21, 1997 at the National Library. There were one hundred and sixty-six participants representing eleven countries. The topic of the conference was "Pure Land on Earth and the Modern Society."

The former President, Mr. Lee Den-huei giving a speech at the Opening Ceremony of the 3rd Chung-Hwa International Conference on Buddhism.


A Symposium and Exposition on Exchanges of Buddhist Education across the Strait was held on July 7-9 in 1998 at the Zong-Ho Building at the National Taiwan Normal University. There were fifteen directors and representatives of Buddhist colleges from Mainland China participating in the event. Fourteen Taiwanese Buddhist Colleges and Graduate Institutes sponsored the convocation. In addition to the conference related events, various tours to local areas of interest were organized for the participants. Through experiencing and seeing life in Taiwan, it was hoped that a deeper understanding of cultural life on the island could be gained.

Prof. Tatsugen Sato



Prof. Kosho Mizutani



Prof. Hidenori Sakuma



Prof. John Rosenfield



Dr. Shen Jia-jen



Prof. Jan Nattier and the interpreter, Prof. Chen Cheng-hung



Prof. Ryutaro Tsuchida



Prof. Robert Gimello



Prof. Mitsushima Tadasu



Prof. Han Ting-jie



Prof. Brook Ziporyn



Prof. Peter Nyunt and Prof. Jacquelin Filliozat



Prof. Dusan Pajin and the interpreter Chang Hsien-hwa.



Prof. Chen Shih-ming



Prof. Mitomo Ryojin



Geshe Champa-Guatso



Ven. Pende



Prof. Sandra Wawrytko and Prof. Charles Fu, interpreter



Ven.Shin-kong



Prof. Karam Sarao and interpreter Prof. Lin Huan-Jou



Gyalwang Drukchen Rinpoche



Prof. Peter Gragory



Prof. A.W.Barber



Prof. John McRae and interpreter Ven. Guo-kuang



I. Scholars who have lectured at the Chung-Hwa Institute

TimeNames of the ScholarsLecture Title
1981

Biswadeb Mukherjee

Chairman of the Department of Chinese, Viswa-Bharati University

Sanskrit
5/24/81

Jan Yun-hwa

McMaster University, Canada

Buddhist research methods
3/24/84

Philip Kapleau Roshi

author of the Three Pillars of Zen

Symposium
5/4/84

Dr. Mitsushima Tadasu

Kokushikan University, Japan

Symposium
10/23/85

Dr. A. W. Barber

University of Wisconsin, USA

Studies in Ati-yoga Buddhism
3/14/87

Dr. Tamaki Koshiro

Tokyo University, Japan

Viewing Indian Buddhism from the perspective of meditative stabilization
11/2/87

Lai Peng-chu

instructor of the Yuan-Kuang Institute of Buddhist Studies

Yen Shang-wen

Associate professor of the National Taiwan Normal University

Formulating research topics in Buddhist studies: the example of the Two Jin and Six dynasties period
12/15/87

Mr. Chiang T'sang-T'eng

part-time instructor of the National Taiwan University and Ching-Hwa University

The Life And Thought of Lee Chou-wu
11/28/88

Tara Rinpoche

Dean of the Upper Tantra College of the Ge-luk-pa Orde

Monastic Education in the Tibetan Traditions
4/19/89Taisitu RinpocheTopics in Mahamudra
7/30/90

A.K.Narain

President of the International Society of Buddhist Studies

The Rise and Decline of Buddhism in India
8/8/90

Dr. Charles Fu

Temple University, USA

The Reinterpretation and Renovation of Buddhist doctrine
8/10/90

Sandra A. Wawrytko

Editor-in-chief for Calligraphy and Painting Publishing Co., SUNY Press

The Impact and Influence of Chan On American Culture
8/13/90

Dr. Charles Fu

Temple University, USA

A Cirtical Comparison of Buddhist Studies in Japan and the West, and the Modernization of Buddhist Studies In Taiwan
8/10/90

Sandra A.Wawrytko

Editor-in-chief for Calligraphy and Painting Publishing Co., SUNY Press

Chan and western psycho-therapy
9/15/92

Biswadeb Mukherjee

Emeritus Professor of the Viswa-Bharati University

Sanskrit, Pali, and Indian Buddhism
9/24/92

Stewart McFarlane

Lancaster University, U.K

The Spread of Buddhism in the West
12/9/92

Robert Gimello

University of Arizona, USA

Research Methods and Issues in the Study of Hua-Yen
4/7/93

Ven. Pende

Nalanda Temple, France

The Development of Tibetan Buddhism in the Western World
5/28/93

Chun-Fang Yu

Rutgers University, U.S.A.

Kwan-yin Beliefs and Chinese Culture
9/22/93

Dusan Pajin

Belgrade University, Yugoslavia

Buddha-dharma and Contemporary Psychology
11/29/93

Khenpo Drukchen Gyatsho Rinpoche

the Chief Instructor of the Nalanda Institute, Nepal

The Conventional Bodhi Mind and the Ultimate Bodhi Mind
1/14/94

Jan Yun-hwa

McMaster University, Canada

Some Problems of Ho-Tze Ch'an
3/16/94

Jeffrey F. Meyer

the Department of Religion, University of North Carolina in Charlotte

The architecture of Buddhist Temples and Monasteries in China
8/94

Lin Ch'ung-An

National Central Univesity

A Guide to Tibetan Buddhist Studies
12/20/94

Gyalwang Drukchen Rinpoche

the 12th Lineage Holder of Drukpa Kargyud

The Middle Way
3/30/95

Dr. Ikuko Nakagawara

Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Aesthetics & Art History, School of Letters, Nagoya University, Japan

The Various Images in Pictures of Monks in Samadhi and Meditation
6/6/95

Michael Witzel

Director of the Department of Sanskrit and Indian Studies at Harvard University

A Comparison Between Later Vedic Literature And Early Buddhist Literature
8/8/95

Dr. John McRae

The Department of Asian Studies, Cornell University

Symposium
9/27/95

Dr. George Poland

Vipasyana Ch'an Master from Canada

A visit paid and introduction of Vipasyana
11/8/95

Chen Shih-ming

the National Institute of Arts

Chan meditation and its appreciation
12/13/95

Lai Peng-chu

Instructor of the Yuan-Kuang Institute of Buddhist Studies

The Image of Vairocana Buddha and the Formation of Hua Yen Thought in the Northern Chi Dynasty
12/18/95

Yang Zeng-wen

Head of Buddhist Studies at the Institute for Research on World Religions of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Visit and Symposium
12/21/95

Dr. Kosho Mizutani

Bukkyo University, Japan

The Fundamental Philosophy of Buddhism and Pure Land Buddhism-On Dependent Origination and Amitabha Buddha
1/8/97

Hsieh Sheng-Yih

Institute of Political Studies, Fu Hsing Kang College

On von Lukacs' 'Entfremdung', 'Verdinglichung' and 'Versaechlichung'
2/16/97

Dr. Musashi Tachikawa

the National Museum of Ethnology in Japan

Cosmology in Tantric Buddhism
3/6/97

Lai Ting-Ming

Chairman of the Department of Library and Information Science, The World College of Journalism and Communications

How researchers should collect information from the perspective of information collection behavior
4/24/97

Mr. Chang Wen-Ming

Manager of Seed Net Department, Institute for Information Industry

Buddhism in the Digital Age
5/29/97Ven. Kuan-huiA Study of Aksobhya Buddha's Pure Land Thought
6/5/97

Mr. Chuang Teh-ming

The Institute of Information, Academia Sinica

Supplementary Character Bank for the Electronic Buddhist Scriptures Project
7/22/97

Paul Maxwell Harrison

University of Canterbury, New Zealand

Early Mahayana Buddhism
7/22/97

Kimura Kiyotaka

Tokyo University, Japan

Towards the Formation of the History of Eastern Asian Buddhism
12/17/97

A. W. Barber

University of Calgary, Canada

Modern Hermeneutics and the Interpretation of the Buddha Dharma
2/20/98

Geshe Lhundub Sopa

Professor Emeritus, University of Wisconsin, USA

The Seven Essentials of Cultivatingthe Mind in Tibetan Buddhism
5/1/98

Mitomo Ryojun

Rissho University, Japan

The Buddhas of the Ten Directions in Mahayana Buddhism and the 16 Princes in the Chapter of the Parable of the Illusory City in the Lotus Sutra, with a Short History of the Interpretation of Buddhist Sutras by Japanese Buddhologists
5/8/98

Mitomo Ryojun

Rissho University, Japan

Buddhist Social Welfare and Patient Care from the Perspective of Chiyomigusa by the Buddhist Monk Nichi-on during the Edo Period
5/15/98

Brook Anthony Ziporyn

Northwestern University, USA

The Research of Buddhist Studies in the West
12/30/98

Han Ting-jie

Researcher of the Institute of World Religions, at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Mainland China

The Usage of the Term 'School' in Buddhist Logic
4/21/99

Ven. Hsing-kong

Nalanda University, India

The Theravadin View of dependent Origination in Life
4/28/99

John McRae

Indiana University, USA

A New Approach to Introducing the Chan Lineage
5/26/99

Jan Nattier

Indiana University, USA

The Study and Translation of the Ugradatta-paripraccha Sutra
5/29/99

Fong Da-wen

Director of the Graduate Institute of Buddhist Studies, School of Social Sciences, Chung-shan University, Mainland China

The Root of Taoist Philosophical Ontology
6/2/99

Jeffrey Hopkins

University of Virginia, USA

Symposium
7/13/99

Hidenori Sakuma

Kokusai Bukkyo Daigaku of Shitennoji, Japan

The Origin and Development of Alayavijnyana in Terms of the Yogacaryabhum-shastra: A Critique of the Argument Put Forth by Dr. Lambert Schmithausen of Hamburg University
11/24/99

John Rosenfield

Professor Emeritus of the Department of Art and Architecture, Harvard University

Images of Kushan Rulers and Cakravartins in India
1/10/00

Peter Nyunt

Burmese Language and Literature U., Rangoon (Yangoon) Burma Shwe Dagon Pagoda Library in Myanmar Working On Sorting out Burmese and Pali Hand- Wirtten Manuscripts

International Meditation Centres in the Tradition of Sayagyi U Ba Khin and the theory and practice of Anapana Meditation
2/25/00

Jacqueline Filliozat

French School of Far East

The Preservation and Conservation of Pali Manuscript Collections
5/10/00

Geshe Champa-Gyatso

Curator of His Holiness, the 14th Dalai Lama's private Collections of Buddhist Scriptures, Instructor of the Nam-je Monastery

The Establishment of Grounds and Paths
9/11/00

Geshe Gendun Dachin

a Geshe from Chang-dra college, Genden Monatery, India

Discussing Buddha Nature Thought in the Abhisamayalamkara-Shastra
10/30/00

Gong Jin

Director of Graduate Study of Philosophy in Hwa-nan Normal University, Mainland China

Reflections on the Research Methods in Studying Chinese Ch'an, from the Comparative Perspective
11/6/00

Gong Jin

Director of Graduate Study of Philosophy in Hua-nan Normal University, Mainland China

Reflections on the Research Methods in Studying Chinese Ch'an, from the Comparative Perspective
11/29/00

Gong Jin

Director of Graduate Study of Philosophy in Hua-nan Normal University, Mainland China

Modern Movements in Buddhist Studies and the Historiography of Chinese Thought-an Investigation Using Buddhist Studies of the Lay Persons as the Focal Point
3/20/01

Christian Wittern

Dr. of Philosophy, Gottingen University

Computers, Buddhist Texts and Research Methods
6/5/01

Biswadeb Mukherjee

Professor Emeritus, Viswa-Bharati University

Gotama Becomes the Buddha-an Analysis of the Nikaya Tradition
8/1/01

Jeffrey Hopkins

University of Virginia, USA

Death and theDeeper Levels of Mind
8/8/01

Charles B. Jones

The Catholic University of America, USA

Comparison of Western and Buddhist Perspectives on Religious Diversity


II. Scholars Invited to Give Special Lecture Series

TimeNamesLecture Topic
3/10/90-3/16/90

Ryutaro Tsuchida

Tokyo University, Japan

Studies in Sanskrit Syntax
9/12/91-9/16/91

Kosho Mizutani

Former President of the Bukkyo University, Tokyo, Japan

Tathagathagarbha Thought and the Teachings of the Pure Land School
2/12/92-2/18/92

Tairyo Makita Professor Emeritus

Tokyo University, Japan

The Study of Spurious Sutras
9/14/92-9/20/92

Enshu Kurumiya

Rissho University, Japan

The Study of Hybrid Sanskrit Lotus Sutra
9/24/92-12/24/92

Robert M. Gimello

University of Arizona, U.S.A

Hua-Yen, Ch'an and the Mystical Experience
10/17/92-10/18/92

W. Pachow

University of Iowa, USA

The First Council in Rajagriha, the Second Council in Vaishali, the Council in Kusumapura, and the Council in Kasmir
2/14/93-2/20/93

Dr. Kamata Shigeo

Honorary Professor of Tokyo Univesity

A Sketch of Hua-Yen Studies
9/15/93-9/16/93

Prof. Gengo Araki

Kurume Institute of Technology, Japan

1.The Popularity of Lankavatara Sutra During the Ming Dynasty

2.The Religious Thought of Yun-Ch'i Chu-Hung

10/15/93-1/15/94

Jan Yun-hwa

McMaster University, Canada

The Study of Chan
2/14/94-2/17/94

Yu Chun-fang

Rutgers Univesity, USA

Kwan-yin Belief and Chinese Culture
12/9/94-3/10/95

Jan Yun-hwa

Professor Emeritus, McMaster University, Canada

Studies in the Ritual Texts Concerning Vegetarian Practice and Confession in Chinese Buddhism
9/2/95-9/13/95

Dr. Masaaki Chikusa

Otani University, Japan

Buddhist Belief as Seen in the Tun Huang Manuscripts
8/19/96-8/31/96

Peter N. Gregory

University of Illinois, USA

Master Tzong-mi's Work Entitled: The Origins of Humanity
2/23/98-6/13/98

A. W. Barber

University of Calgary, Canada

Comments on Methods of Translation
3/23/98-5/11/98

Ven. Ashin Silaraca

A Burmese Buddhist Monk

Understanding the Meaning of Abhidharma
5/18/98-6/22/98

Brook Anthony Ziporyn

Northwestern University, USA

Buddhist Studies in the West
12/23/98-1/13/99

Brook Anthony Ziporyn

Northwestern University, USA

1.Totality and Chinese Buddhist Philosophy

2."No Buddha Outside of the Mara, No Mara Outside of the Buddha" in the Thought of Ssu-ming Chih-li

3.The Parable of the Mirror in Lankavatara's "Mistaking the Head, Recognizing the Image."

9/11/00

Geshe Gendun Dachin

a Geshe from Chang-dra college, Genden Monastery, India

Discussing the Thought on Buddha Nature in the Abhisamayalamkara-Shastra
10/2/00-10/11/00

Karam Tej Sarao

Dual Ph.D.s' from the University of Delhi, India, and Cambridge University, U.K.

1.The Dating of Buddha's Life

2.Buddhist Councils

3.King Ashoka and his Policies for Buddhism

4.The Decline of Buddhism in India

12/26/00-1/9/01

Jeffrey Hopkins

University of Virginia, USA

1.Emptiness in Mind-Only Buddhismin Tibet

2.The Three Natures, Three Non-Natures, and the Two Truths

3.The Three Turning of the Dharma Wheels, the Definite and Interpretable Meanings



Buddhist Studies and Information Science




Buddhist Studies Information Network Center



With electronic media now the dominant means of storing and transferring data, scholars and students are conducting research, publishing, and communicating across borders at Internet speed. Keeping pace with these developments, the Chung-hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies established the Buddhist Studies Information Network Center -- the "Info Network Center" -- in March 1998.

With the joint financial, technical and manpower support of the North American Yin Shun Foundation and the NTU Center for Buddhist Studies, the Institute set up the Chinese Buddhist Electronic Text Association (CBETA) to undertake the digitalization of Buddhist Scriptures (Tripitaka), including a search and retrieval system. In cooperation with the National Taiwan University, the establishment of the Digital Buddhist Studies Library and Museum followed in the year 2000. Its objective is to collect, systematize and digitalize Buddhist data and documents to meet a growing demand. It also features a Buddhist Digital Reference Database and Online Buddhist Courses.

The achievements presentation meeting held on 2001 results in a deep discussion among scholars and experts.


Activities of the Info Network Center:

  • 1. CBETA: Digitalize Buddhist Scriptures (Tripitaka)

  • 2. Organize a Buddhist Digital Reference Database: Make Buddhist materials easily accessible.

  • 3. Website Design for the Institute of Buddhist Studies: Set up a global database

  • 4. Data digitalization project at the Institute of Buddhist Studies: Keep up with new digital trends


Digitalization of the Buddhist Scriptures for Universal Access


The principal of National Taiwan University gives a speech on the presentation.


Currently the first 55 volumes plus the 85th volume of the universally recognized revised version of the Taisho Tripitaka are being converted into electronic files and will then be marked up to facilitate retrieval. The goal is to create a comprehensive electronic Buddhist Tripitaka of about 100 million words. It will include a full-text retrieval system that will allow users to retrieve and compare different versions of the scriptures.


Full-Text Database of Current Buddhist Research Documents

This project aims to collect and catalogue current English and Chinese academic theses on Buddhism to build a full-text database of digitalized research documents. The object is to set up a complete, professional, and current 'International Catalogue of Buddhist Books.' The catalogue will include a retrieval system and enables data to be made available online, allowing scholars worldwide to access and download full-text versions.


Full-Text Electronic Database of Buddhist Academic Journals

Full-text versions of the following domestic Buddhist Research Journals are currently available:

NTU Philosophical Review, NTU Buddhist Research Center Review, Eastern Religion Research Journal, Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal, Hwa-Kang Buddhist Journal, Chung-Hwa Buddhist Studies, and an authorized version of Philosophy East and West.


Buddhist Bibliography Database

This database currently contains more than 80 thousand titles from present-day authors around the world. It is the most comprehensive bibliographical database of specialized books on Buddhism in the world. The material collected and systematized in this catalogue includes titles in Chinese, English, Japanese, and European languages. The catalogue is constantly updated, assuring access to the latest bibliographical information.


Digital Buddhist Library and Museum

Working together with the Chung-hwa Institute, the National Art and Technological Art Research Center and the Computer Engineer Graduate School of National Taiwan University, the Digital Museum plans to use various types of documents and historical and geographical data along with artifacts, to create an exhibition of "Hsuan Tsang's Trip to the West." The Museum will coordinate its services with those of the Digital Buddhist Studies Library and Museum.

CBETA's CD stimulates a strong interest among foreign scholars.



Electronic Database of Taiwan Buddhist Documents

To promote basic research into Buddhism in Taiwan, an electronic database will be developed into a 'Taiwan Buddhist Documents Digital Research' website. This project will collect, catalogue and edit Taiwan Buddhist materials from the late Ming Dynasty (following Koxinga's arrival in Taiwan) up to the early Ching Dynasty. It will also compile, edit and translate material from the period of Japanese occupation, 1895 to 1945. In addition, the website will present contemporary Buddhist documents that have been collected and edited using the latest techniques and technology.


Online Buddhist Scripture Language Courses

Besides Chinese, Buddhist sutras were originally written in Sanskrit, Pali and Tibetan. Therefore, our Digital Buddhist Library and Museum includes 'Online Buddhist Scripture Language Courses' aimed at enabling users to read the scriptural texts in the original Sanskrit, Pali, and Tibetan.


Buddhist Internet Resources

This is currently the most comprehensive database of Buddhist websites worldwide. The resources are offered in two major categories: 'Chinese Buddhist Internet Resources' and 'International Buddhist Net Resources.' This database covers virtually all worldwide Buddhist Internet resources.


Research and Establishment of Buddhist Curriculum

Apart from the Internet Courses in Scriptural Languages, there will be an 'Educational Database on Buddhist Thought'. The following databases, either on a specific topic or particular book, are currently in progress: 'History of Indian Buddhist Thought', 'History of Buddhist Development in China', and 'Agama Studies', a database of the Hinayana scriptures of original Indian Buddhism.


Specialized Research Database of Buddhist Studies


Ven. Hui-min presents the website of "Hsiun-tsan's Journey to the West".


The focus of this database is 'specialized research,' such as Buddhist Indices and Repertories, Buddhist Images and Icons, Dunhuang Manuscripts, Dunhuang Documents, and Translation of a Manual on TEI (Text Encoding Interchange). Other projects will be dealt with separately and in accordance with the specific nature of the research work. The Buddhist Indices project, for example, will start with the Avatamsaka Treatises and the Yogacarabhumi Sastra. The results gathered from research on these works will serve as a standard format for Buddhist indices and repertories.


R-D and Sharing of Academic Resources through Applied Technology

Various projects will draw on resources from other specialized fields. The experience gained through these projects will enable new approaches for sharing academic resources and promote interdisciplinary and integrative research. With the completion of each project, not only will a copy be stored in the database's mainframe, but free access to all material will be granted to scholars around the world. Domestic and international scholars will also be able to access the materials on mirror sites that offer a variety of services, ranging from retrieving and reading to downloading and editing. All this will help advance expertise-based labor division and sharing of academic data, thus modernizing research methods.


Fostering New Talent and Passing on Experience

In order to achieve all these goals, specialists and Buddhist scholars in Taiwan and abroad plus scientists and technology experts were invited to help with the construction of the database. Local research assistants and graduate students were trained further to facilitate interdisciplinary R-D projects aimed at evolving applied technologies for academic use. These technologies will support the building and long-term maintenance of the 'Buddhist Internet Database'.


Other Planned Projects

Internet resources play an important role in spreading knowledge, and there are virtually no limits to their growth. Thus the database will expand as technology advances and expertise grows.


The Computer and the Buddhist Studies Program: A Curriculum For the E-era


Introduction



The advent of the Internet has significantly changed people's ways of communication and gathering information and knowledge. In addition, digitalized information, electronic media acquisition, recording, organization, retrieval, display, and dissemination have greatly improved man's efficiency. Accordingly, these innovations have substantially affected our living environment, social structure, and civil development.

Historically, religious documents have played a prominent role in the cultural development of the media. For example, one of the earliest texts to be printed is "The Diamond Sutra", a Buddhist text(annotation 1), and the earliest example of the use of portable printing in Europe was the "Gutenberg Bible".(annotation 2) Due to the development of printing technology, the amount of publication expanded rapidly; as written language became more widespread, availability of information increased. Thus human civilization has continuously advanced, even to the extent that we may call it a "knowledge explosion".

Since its founding more than 2,500 years ago, Buddhism has been the subject of an exhaustive amount of literature and research. If we could effectively use IT media and tools to organize these documents and improve Buddhist teaching methods, research, service, administration and so on, it would not only regenerate Buddhist education, but be the impetus for reforming education in religion and the humanities as a whole. (annotation 3


Institute Status and Curriculum (annotation 4)

In the 3-year program at the Institute, the first year focuses on comparative religious study, Buddhist history, philology, study of fundamental scriptures, and also the main languages associated with Buddhism: Sanskrit, Pali, and Tibetan. The second year emphasizes interpretation and research. While the third year places priority on thesis writing.

The curriculum is arranged according to geographic area and canonical language: "Chinese Buddhism" (major in translated scriptures and Chinese works), "Indian Buddhism"(major in Sanskrit, Pali, and Hindu works), and "Tibetan Buddhism"(major in translated scriptures and Tibetan works).

In response to the "Internet era", the Institute established a "Buddhist Studies Information Network Center, BSIN hhtp://www.chibs.edu.tw" in 1998. Mr. Aming Tu was appointed principal and Dr. Christian Wittern served as consultant. Therefore, the Institute was able to assist the sponsor, "North America Yin-Shun Teacher Foundation" in establishing the Chinese Buddhist Electronic Text Association "http://ccbs.ntu.edu.tw/cbeta" on February 15, 1998. We contributed to the production of a high-quality electronic version of volumes 1-55 and 85 of the Taisho Tripitaka by supplying missing text, proofreading, and doing markup. Altogether a total of 100 million words, a full text index and a multi-edition comparative index are included. With the Internet and CD edition, we have made our translation and digital Buddhist scriptures accessible to all interested parties.

In addition, our Institute has accepted responsibility for the construction and development of the Comprehensive Cyberspace for Buddhist Studies of Taiwan University Buddhist Studies Center. This web site includes an index of 96,000 complete Buddhist scriptures and about 1000 theses, a "Taiwan Buddhist text database", "Sanskrit, Pali, and Tibetan Buddhist language teaching on line", "Buddhist Internet Resources" and "Datebase for Research and Teaching in Buddhist Thought".

Based on the "Buddhist virtual resource room", the Institute has already offered courses such as the "Guide to Buddhist Net Resources" in the first semester of 1996, "Electronic Buddhist Texts in the New Era" in the second semester of 1996, "Buddhist Digital Resources and applications" in the first semester of 1997, "Introduction and Application of Buddhist Digital Resources" in the second semester of 1997, "The Utilization of Buddhist Electronic Databases" in the first semester of 1998, and "Buddhist Electronic Resources and Research Methods" in the second semester of 1998, and "The Creation of Buddhist Net Databases" in the first semester of 1999. Besides, in 1999 a graduate student wrote a paper concerning the combination of Buddhist and information science under the heading of "Efficient Buddhist Research Information Management Mode-The Application of HTML and HTML Help in Buddhist Research Databases".


Draft Plan for the Integration of Buddhist Studies and Information Technology.


The Internet provides convenient access to information.


To fully utilize the Internet, the Institute has established the following departments and programs: the "Buddhist Information Engineering Department" and the "Computer and Buddhist Studies Program", which has combined Buddhist studies and information science to provide computer technology applications in Buddhist research and teaching.

Students who major in the CBS program must also study in one of the following departments for their minor: "Chinese Buddhist Studies Department", "Hindu Buddhist Studies Department", or "Tibetan Buddhist Studies Department". Likewise, students who major in "Chinese Buddhist Studies Department", "Hindu Buddhist Studies Department" or the "Tibetan Buddhist Studies Group" may also choose the CBS program as their minor.


The range of subjects incorporated under "Buddhist Studies" is extensive.


The "CBS Program" focuses on Buddhist information engineering research (e.g.: markup and program languages), Buddhist information application (e.g.: computer and academic publishing), and Buddhist teaching technology. This 3-year program is divided into basic, intermediate, advanced courses, and research case levels as follows:


1. Basic Course (required):

    101. Basic Computer ConceptIntroduces the theory and practice of computer hardware, software, and application, e.g. database, operating system, network administration, etc

    .
    102 Introduction to Humanities Computing Introduces the theory and practice of applying computer software to humanities science, e.g. computer-based instruction, research, academic publishing, service, databases, on-line resources, history of media development, etc.


    103. Basic Academic Word Processing Skills Teaches the use of computer software in academic writing (MLA theory and format). This course focuses on paper and thesis writing.



2. Intermediate Course (select from the three areas of "Markup and Program Languages", "Electronic Publishing", and "Teaching Technology")

    201. Markup Languages Introduces advanced theory and practice of markup languages that can be applied in humanities science, such as text encoding, standard generalized markup language (SGML), hypertext markup language (HTML), and extensible markup language (XML).


    202. Computers and teaching Students learn to apply computer technology to teaching, such as design, authoring, evaluating computer materials.


    203. Programming Humanities Applications Students learn basic computer programming suitable for humanities science, such as Practical Extraction and Report Language (PERL), string manipulation, format conversions, data structures.


    204. Computer Research tools and Methods (take this course with 203) Students learn computer technology applications in linguistics and philology, such as concording of text-analysis, key words in context (KWIC) concordance, Frequencies, collocations and KWIC, text-analysis program.


    205. Computers and Academic Publishing Introduces advanced computer technology to academic writing and publishing, such as academic publishing, desktop publishing, and electronic publishing on the Internet.


    206. Introduction to social informatics This course emphasizes the impact of new technology development on society and the discussion of social issues.



3. Advanced Courses (select from the three areas of "Markup and Program Languages", "Electronic Publishing", and "Teaching Technology")

    301. Markup Techniques Introduces advanced theory and practice of markup languages which can be applied to humanities science, advanced XML program including XML Pattern XML-Data, and TEI's Guidelines for Electronic Text Encoding and Interchange.(annotation 5


    302. Computers and Teaching Students learn to apply advanced computer technology to teaching, such as integrated digital texts, photos, audio, and visual material; hypertext, hypermedia; computer-based testing, and network applications.


    303. Programming Humanities Applications Introduces advanced computer programming suitable for humanities, such as the design of integrating modules, software, Common Gateway Interface.


    304. Computer Research Tools and Methods: (need to take with 303)Students learn computer technology applications in linguistics and philology, including quantitative analysis, text data processing, databases, on-line resources, solutions of databases apply to www, statistics, and evaluation.


    305. Computers and Academic Publishing Teaches how to use advanced computer technology in academic writing and publishing, such as desktop publishing, and electronic publishing on the Internet.


    306. Introduction to media informatics

4. Research Project (required)

Students must choose their graduation project from the one of following projects.

    401. Buddhist Informatics Project: Students learn how to apply the principles from other courses into the Buddhist Informatics Project. This project is conducted under the adviser's direction.


    402. Applied Buddhist Informatics Project: Teaches how to apply the principles from other courses into the Buddhist Informatics Project. This project is conducted under the adviser's direction.


    403. Buddhist Instructional Technology Project: Students learn how to apply the principles from other courses into the Buddhist Informatics Project. This project is conducted under the adviser's direction.



Conclusion

In Europe, the U.S., and Japan there are many courses on Buddhism available. And Japan, in particular, has become prominent in the international "Buddhist research" field. Their depth of research truly makes us, the so-called "motherland of Chinese Buddhism", embarrassed.

Although Taiwan and Japan share the same Buddhist culture and also have compatible resources, as well as the capability to establish a "Buddhist Information Engineering Department" and "Computer and Buddhist Research Program", we still cannot break through our laws and rules and make "Buddhist education" a part of the formal education system. We can only manage the Institute as a "B-class" graduate school. This is deeply regrettable and something that our education department seriously needs to consider.

Annotation 1 :、Please refer to http://www.bl.uk/diglib/treasures/diamond-sutra.html for more information and pictures.

Annotation 2 :、Please refer to http://www.snu.edu/syllabi/history/f86projects/reform1/gut http://www.osl.state/or.us/csimages/bible/bible.htm for more information and pictures

Annotation 3:、 From the humanists' point of view, thesis discussing electronic media's influence on humanities science and administration are: W.McCarty, "We would know how we know what we know: Responding to the computational transformation of the humanities" http://ilex.cc.kcl.ac.uk/ wlm/essays/know/know.html From the Buddhist researchers' point of view, the thesis evaluating the change, status and response to digitalized Buddhist Studies are: Christian Wittern, "Buddhist Studies in the Digital Age" 1999.

Annotation 4:、 see more at http://www.chibs.edu.tw

Annotation 5:、 Sperberg-McQueen, C. Michael and Burnard, Lou (Eds.) Guidelines for Electronic Text Encoding and Interchange, Chicago and Oxford, 1994

The Library:Facilities and Collections




Rebuilding the Treasury of Knowledge


You can find all the information you need at the Library


The library, for many years an ideal place of study and research for Institute students, will be relocated in September 2001 to a new facility on Dharma Drum Mountain. With more space, expanded collections, and sufficient facilities to meet the prerequisites for voluminous research work, the new library will be an even richer treasury of knowledge. Its enlarged collection will certainly make it the ideal place to conduct high-level Buddhist studies.


Learning how to make the best use of the Buddhist Library


Since 1985, when the Institute moved into the fourth floor of the Chung-hwa Institute of Buddhist Culture building in Peitou, the library has been the place where the lnstitute students and faculty members spent immeasurable amount of time doing study and research. Many of the over 100 graduates have become today's outstanding Buddhist scholars and experts in Taiwan, and they still remember their days of hard work in the library.

The volunteers of Dharma Drum Mountain came to help clean the bookshelves before the Library moves to the mountain.



The library functions as a center for knowledge aquisition and exchange.


In the library, students can always be seen concentrating on the study of Buddhist literature. Some may be burying their noses in the thick and bulky Tripitaka, some may be searching for information on the Internet, and others may be quietly discussing the problems of Buddhism. The atmosphere is one of serenity with only the occasional sound of pages being turned or a breeze whispering through the windows. There is a barely audible gurgling of the stream by the garden, and sometimes the pleasant sound of Buddhist chanting is heard through the old camphor and banyan trees surrounding the building, coming from the Institute of Buddhist Culture.


Understanding the Sutras and obtaining Wisdom as Deep As the Ocean


You can feel the vastness of Buddhist studies simply by looking at the boolshelves.


Among the local collections of Buddhist documents, the library of the Institute ranks at the top with a total of about 25,000 volumes. The library holds some of the most important literature for study of early Buddhism and Theravada, namely the Pali Tripitaka published by the Pali Buddhist Canon Society in England and the Burmese and Thai versions of the Pali Tripitaka, plus translated versions in Chinese, English, Japanese and Thai .








The collections of the Library (from left): Fang Shan Stone Sutras, Korean Tripitaka, Chih Sha Tripitaka, Tibetan Tripitaka


As for the Chinese Tripitaka, besides the most commonly known Taisho Tripitaka(大 正新修大藏經), the library's collection includes such rare versions as the Korean, Chih Sha(磧砂), Chia-Hsing(嘉興), Chien-Lung(乾隆), Wan-cheng Tripitaka, Zoko Zokyo Tripitaka( continued volume), Buddhism Tripitaka based on Ping Chieh Tripitaka(頻伽藏), Chung Hwa Tripitaka (中華大藏經)(Chinese part) printed in Beijing, Fang Shan Stone Sutras(房山石經), Tun Huang Pao Tsang(敦煌寶藏), and so forth. Among them, the Chih Sha version of the Tripitaka, the Golden Tripitaka (金藏)(on which the Chinese part of the Chung Hwa Tripitaka is based), the Chien-Lung version of Tripitaka, the Fang Shan Stone Sutras, and the Tun Huang Pao Tsang contain many texts that were never incorporated in the Taisho Tripitaka, making them very useful and precious for scholars when collating Buddhist texts.

With respect to the Tibetan Tripitaka, the library's collection includes the Beijing, Te Ke(德格), Nai Tang(奈塘), Lhasa(拉薩), Kulun(庫倫), Taipei, and Chung Hwa Tripitaka (Tibetan language) editions. As commonly known, the Kanjur of the Beijing edition is based on the translation edited by Tshal Pa Kun dga'r dor ja, and the Kanjur of the Te Ke version is adapted from ‘jang sa tham and incorporates the traditions of other versions, in particular the tradition originating in the manuscript of tham spangs ma. The Nai Tang version was a reprint of the Te Ke version, with some additions. The Lhasa version was edited by consolidating and rearranging the texts in both the Te Ke and Nai Tang versions. The Kulun version is actually a reprint of Te Ke, with only minor additions. The Tibetan Tripitaka published in Taipei is a photo-stat copy of the Te Ke version with additions taken from the Nyingma (寧瑪) canon. All these versions of the scriptures are very useful for the study of Buddhist sutras and canons in the Tibetan language.

In addition, the library owns a collection of over 400 cases of precious palm-leave Buddhist texts in Sanskrit, Tibetan, and Burmese.

Naturally, the greater part of the library's collection is composed of research papers written by contemporary scholars in Chinese, English, Japanese, German, French and other languages. There are over 300 magazines and journals obtained by either subscription or donation, including Journal of Indological and Buddhological Studies, Ryukoku Journel, Toyo Jaurnal, Bodhi Leaf, Buddhist Research Information, etc. The library also keeps over 3,000 videotapes and audiotapes available for use by students and research scholars.


Seven Banyan Trees Always Accompany Students

Following the completion of the construction of Dharma Drum Mountain and the Sangha University, the library will be relocated to a very spacious 1,000-ping (36,000 sq. ft.), four-story building on Dharma Drum Mountain. The seven big banyan trees behind the building will present a special setting for the library and add a picturesque atmosphere to inspire visitors'philosophical contemplation. It is of interest to note that the blueprints for the Dharma Drum Mountain project went through several changes and modifications simply to preserve the seven gorgeous trees.

After settling on Dharma Drum Mountain, the library will continue to support research and teaching activities and will aim at offering digital and electronic services based on its comprehensive store of Buddhist works and documents. Meanwhile, the library will continue to expand its collection, with an emphasis on Buddhist historical materials published in the Ming and Ch'ing dynasties. It will include multi-media rooms, individual study rooms, and a multi-functional reading lounge.

The library, complete with its new features, is expected to provide CHIBS students with a richer and broader base of knowledge resources, steadily progressing and strengthening their academic life.


The Buddhist Center for Off-campus Education




Buddhist Higher Education Entering the Human Realm

The Founder of the Institute has emphasized continuously that only by establishing educational institutions can Buddhism have a future. Besides referring to how the Dharma Drum Mountain has used academic education as its main driving force, and accessible and great caring education as its auxiliaries, it also refers to how the Dharma Drum Mountain's educational territories include Buddhist courses offered to the general public. There are many people who are interested in courses offered by the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, but due to their work schedule during the day, they cannot attend these classes. The Center for Continuing Education was established to meet these peoples' needs. The Buddhist Center for Continuing Education, an affiliate of the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, is a Buddhist educational unit designed to offer courses in Buddhist practice and doctrine to the general public.

The instructors for the Center come from the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, which is resourceful in providing professors. The Center has also invited key domestic and overseas scholars to join the effort. Thus, since the Center's inauguration ceremony in 1993, its programs have attracted a great many students, which have been increasing yearly.

In the last seven years, the Center has continued to offer traditional courses while adding new courses depending on the needs of the students. Up to August of 2001, there have been courses offeredin the following subjects: Tibetan, Sanskrit, Buddhist English, Buddhist Japanese, Early Buddhism, Abhidharma, Buddhist Languages, Introduction to Buddhism, Mahayana Buddhist practice, Buddhist history, History of Buddhist Art, Studies in Mind-only Buddhism, Studies in the Middle Way, Pure Land Sect, Chan Sect,Research Methods. Courses from other related fields include: Studies in Samsara, Care for the Dying in the Hospice, Studies in the Lotus Sutra, Studies in the Lankavatara Sutra, Introduction to Buddhist Culture, Introduction to Japanese Buddhist Culture, Studies in T'ien-t'ai Buddhist Thought, and Studying Poems and Verses.


The class room at the Hei-jih Lecture Hall in the early days.


Among these, some courses as a result of popular demand, have been offered continuously. The course on Agama Sutra, is a good example; each semaster lasts for over thirty weeks and students come from all over Taiwan to attend the class, often introducing friends and relatives to join them. However, this class does not meet in the Center but in the Hui-Jih Lecture Hall on Chu-lun Street.


Interesting Tales of the Center

In the beginning, in order to serve a public eager to learn about Buddhism, the Center borrowed classrooms from Dharma Drum Mountain An-ho Lecture Hall.

The class room at An-ho Branch of Dharma Drum Mountain.


In 1997, because of the additional courses offered, we used space in the Hui-jih Lecture Hall. Then in 1999, Guo fu, a disciple of master Sheng-yen, donated her resident in Ai-chun Building to be used for the classes, which finally gave the center it's own classroom. However, due to the increase in the number of students , some of the classes still have to be taught at other venues.

As the Center is located in Taipei, students that benefit from the classes are limited to those in Northern Taiwan. In order to accomode those in Southern Taiwan, Mr. Yang Yu-wen, the instructor of Agama, responded to a request from students in Kaohsiung and began a new life teaching students in that city.

The Center has been fortunated in it's location. Situatedin the prosperous Eastern part of Taipei, it is conveniently located near one of the Taipei Metra Rapid Transit stations. As a result of it's ideal location benefit from the courses offered by the Center.

The Center offers a great opportunity to Buddhists who wish to learn more about the Dharma, yet have commitments that provent them from undertaking full time study. It is seed that has been planted in society where we hope will bear beneficial fruit.

To sustain the enthusiasm for learning about Buddhism for the sake of fulfilling one's aspiration between the busy schedule of family life and jobs, courses offered by the Center provide a good opportunity that should not be missed.


Institute of Buddhist Studies and the Dharma Drum Mountain Sangha Univesity

Through the courses of the Center, many students have generated interest in delving deeper into Buddhist Studies and were able to take the entrance examination for the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies, or other graduate schools for the study of Buddhism, religion, and philosophy. After taking courses at the Center, some people even took ordination either within the Dharma Drum Mountain community or at other Buddhist monasteries.


Non-sectarian but systematic education of Buddhism

The Center has followed the non-sectarian educational principles of the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies and approaches Buddhism in an academic, systematic, objective, and panoramic way. The educational method employed explains the profound yet accessible vocabularies and encourages interaction between students and teachers. The students who attend courses may not necessarily be not devotees of Dharma Drum Mountain, in fact many are renunciants from other Buddhist monasteries, yet they are taking courses in the Center. Furthermore, the content of our teaching includes East Asian, Theravada, and Tibetan Buddhism. In other words, the Center provides a channel in which understanding of the depth and profundity of Buddhism is possible to all members of the sangha.


Some Aspects of Student Life and Field Trips

Some students decide to repeat the same course for three years, that means spending ninety Sunday mornings on studying the same subject profoundly. Other students would also come from as far way as Taichung to attend class and return home the same day, while others would also come from Chunghwa and Yunlin to stay overnight in Taipei in order to attend class. It is easy to imagine how tiring the travelling must have been, yet these students treated attending classes as part of their practice. Many of these students have busy schedules like most modern people; some of them even do volunteer work, so this diligence and effort is admirable. On the other hand, it is is evidence that Taiwan lacks a systematic courses to introduce Buddhism to interested people. In general, these kind of courses are only offered at Buddhist colleges or graduate institutes of Buddhist studies.

The guided tour of Japanese Monasteries led by Prof. Lan Chi-fu


In addition, in order for the students to enjoy their study, instructors and students often hold teaching sessions off-campus. The Center has had a good response in leading guided tours to Japanese monasteries and sacred sites in India. The Japanese tour group is usually led by internationally renowned scholar Mr. Lan Chi-fu, who can introduce the beauty and humorous historical anecdotes of Japanese monasteries, and can guide the participants to see landscapes which ordinary tour groups would not have included in their tour. The pilgrimage groups led by Mr. Yang Yu-wen get to hear his detailed explanation of every object and site along the way on the basis of the scriptures. After they return to Taiwan from India, owing to the request of the participants in the tour, Mr. Yang offers a class to introduce the teachings that the Buddha expounded in the eight sacred sites. Mr. Yang believes it is important to learn about what the Buddha taught in those locations where he first expounded them.

Mr.Yang Yu-wen lectured about the Buddha's enlightenment to a Groups of Pilgrimages at Buddhigaya in India.


The key of Buddhism is to be able to apply it in one's daily life and so further improve the quality of life. Studying the profundity of the dharma is necessary on the path to fulfilling one's life goals. The Center acts as a bridge between Buddhist practice and the human realm. It has assisted modern people to turn to right belief from superstition, to turn one's knowledge into wisdom, so that the dharma tunes of Mahayana Buddhism can become a beautiful piece of music that everyone can appreciate in every place.

Next time, when you are walking on the busy streets of Taipei andcome across the Center's small sign and see it like a clear stream flowing through the dusty human world, we welcome you to come in and take a break, to say hello to the Bodhisattvas, and have a mind-to-mind communication with the Buddhas.


The Future Outlook




Global Aspirations of the Institute

The first decade is the period of establishment.
The following decade is the period of growth.
The coming decade is the period of development.




Master Sheng-yen, the founder of the Institute, spends half of the year abroad propagating Buddhism, teaching, and providing instruction in Chan. It has been more than twenty years now, since he has brought the Institute to the world.

The Founder's Time.


In twenty years of development, the Institute has regularly organized international conferences on Buddhism and published the Chung-hwa Buddhist Journal and the Chung-hwa Buddhist Studies. Furthermore, the Institute has created the Chung-hwa Buddhist Internet and Information Science Department as a step towards internationalization. Ven. Hui-min, deputy director of the Institute, chief Aming Tu , and Christian Wittern, Ph.D. were also invited as participants in international conferences and received warm acclaim from Buddhist scholars all over the world. Above all, the digital encoding of the the Taisho Tripitaka and the cooperation between National Taiwan University and the Institute in creating "The Digital Buddhist Library and Museum" will provide the quickest and the most accurate service for those who log onto the site.

Master Sheng-yen has openly encouraged researchers of the Institute to move towards internationalization. The students and faculty of the Institute come from all parts of the world, and overseas scholars regularly to visit to conduct research. Due to the focus on Sanskrit, Pali, and Tibetan language, graduates of the Institute who pursue further studies abroad are warmly received. The Institute has invited the former director of the department of Buddhist Studies in Rissho University, Professor Kenyo Mitomo and the chairman of the Social Science Academy professor Yang Tzen-wen to teach for one semester in 2002. In addition, the director of the department of Buddhist Studies of Delhi University, professor Sarao, will be our visiting professor for one year. We have also invited Ven. Hsing-k'ung and two young scholars who have pursued their further studies in the U.S., Ms. Chen Shu-jen and Ms. Huang Yi-hsun to instruct our students in the near future. These professors will certainly help elevate the academic level of the Institute.

Because of the ever-increasing number of Tibetan Lamas who come to Taiwan to propagate Buddha Dharma, the Taiwanese people are having a greater opportunity to make contact with Tibetans. To enhance mutual understanding, the Institute has established a program for Sino-Tibetan Cultural exchange under the supervision of the Mongolian and Tibetan Commission. The Institute is a research organization registered at the Ministry of Education. It has also been approved to receive grants and scholarships from the National Science Committee, showing a great degree of recognition both at home and abroad.

The students of the Chinese-Tibetan culture Exchange attending class.


Now that the Institute has already moved to Dharma Drum Mountain, there will be four to six full time researchers for Chinese Buddhism, Indian Buddhism, Tibetan Buddhism, and Buddhist Studies Information Science. Besides specializing in their field of concentration, every researcher and assistant researcher should be equipped with the leadership ability necessary to guide research assistants and direct research projects, working together in order to achieve optimal results in research. From this point, the probable development of the Institute for the next decade will be to improve various research facilities, strengthen the skills of the researchers, and establish an overall research framework. In doing so, the degree students receive from the Institute will be officially acknowledged and a doctorate program can be established, consequently providing a complete Buddhist educational and research system.


The conference of "Buddhism and Eastern Culture" was co-sponsored by the institute and whe Social Science Academic in Mainland China.


The establishment of the research assistant system is a way to enhance opportunities for talented graduate students who do not want to study abroad. Finding a way to establish a research assistant system is an issue that needs to be looked into immediately.

Besides growth, the Institute should launch cooperative efforts with other Buddhist Institutions. Regardless of educational background, talented students should be given basic Buddhist education, intensive Sanskrit and Pali training, and general education. By giving these students a firm foundation, they will be able to accept a higher level of research training once they enter the Institute, elevating the overall quality of the student body.

The Symposium on Liaison in Cross-Strait Buddhist Education in 1998.


Publication of an English version of Buddhism News is also another part of the internationalization of the Institute. The News covers international Buddhist Studies, research, publications, and Buddhist Conferences. Sources of the news may include excerpts of international publications from the Institute library and articles written by the Institute's overseas students. The contract correspondent system should be adopted to broaden the sources of information. Articles should include important news of various upcoming Buddhist conventions and coverage of various current Buddhist conferences. In doing this, the Institute can broaden its vision, extend its research, and at the same time, enhance the statuse of the Institute and raise the level of Buddhist research.

The aim of opening the "Chinese Buddhist English Curriculum" is to attract students from all over the world to research Chinese Buddhism at the Institute. Teachers are to be recruited from the faculty of the Institute, old students of the Institute who have studied abroad, and foreign Buddhist scholars studying in Taiwan. The Institute accepts short-term research students from all parts of the world and invites international scholars to give lectures at the Institute. Though these activities have commenced, no formal system has yet been established. Therefore, it is necessary to strive harder to formulate such a system.

As entrepreneurs say, "advertisement represents a product, but the product truly represents the advertisement" Only high-level research results can make internationalization meaningful.

In the future, tuition fees will support Dharma Drum University and donations and funds from society will support the Sangha. Thus the Institute needs a reliable source of funds in order to assure continuous development. Because the enterprise of Dharma Drum Mountain is established on the foundation of the Institute, the Institute will be one of the long-term institutions of Dharma Drum Mountain.

It has been some thirty years since I met Master Sheng-yen, and I have been his disciple at the Institute for twenty-three years. All this time I have only been doing some clerical work, and through this, I have shared his ideals, and this has been a great joy and a comfort, especially since I never dreamed I could share the joy of his ideal.

Though I am one year older than Master Sheng-yen, in terms of educational cultivation, we are as different as the common man and the saint. Master Sheng-yen will be well known for a long time, while I am just an ordinary old man. Graduates of the Institute studying abroad are returning, and I wish limitless hope and blessings for Master Sheng-yen and the Institute. In memory of Master Sheng-yen's compassion in creating the Institute, the teachers, students, and colleagues of the Institute must work together in building the future of the Institute.

The "Pure Land Symposium" was held in 1999.



Academic and Publishing Activities


學術與出版



本所自前身—中華學術院佛學研究所創辦以來,從 1981 年開始正式招生,至本學年(2001 年)止,已屆滿二十周年。雖然期間因故停招一年,但二十年來未曾有一日停止續佛慧命之自我期許,亦持續積極為培育佛教人才付出與努力。

二十年來所延聘之各項師資,不僅有國內學有專長的佛學學者,並有來自日本、美國、印度、西藏、緬甸、西德的教授學者,或為專任、兼任研究員,或為本所客座教授,為本所帶來寬廣而深刻的國際視野與專業領域。而更為難得、殊勝的,乃在於歷屆畢業生中,經由海外深造,於學成後歸來,回到母所服務,匯聚成國內研究所少見之壯觀陣容。目前現有之師資如下:


專任師資:

聖嚴法師、李志夫教授、藍吉富老師、印度穆克紀教授、觀慧法師、曹仕邦老師、陳英善老師、楊郁文老師、杜正民老師、廖本聖老師等共計十位。


兼任師資暨研究人員:

惠敏法師、慧嚴法師、德國的高明道、西藏的覺嵋桑度堪布、鄭振煌、萬金川、陳又新、厚觀法師、藍碧珠、郭瓊瑤、果徹法師、林煌洲、大航法師、蕭金松老師。共計十四位。


客座教授:

德國的維習安博士、印度的穆克紀;日本的玉城康四郎 (Tamaki Koshiro)、土田龍太郎 (Toda, Ryutaro)、水谷幸正 (Mizutani, Kosho)、牧田諦亮(Makita, Tairyo)、鎌田茂雄 (Kamata, Shigeo)、竺沙雅章 (Chikusa,Masaaki)、佐藤達玄 (Sado, Tatsugen);加拿大之冉雲華以及緬甸的戒行法師(Ven. Ashin Silacara);美國有詹密羅 (Robert M. Gimello)、葛瑞格 PeterGregory、馬克瑞 (John McRae)、霍普金斯 (Jeffery Hopkins)、任博克(Brook Anthony Ziporyn) 等。


專任研究人員之著作



創辦人 聖嚴法師

專任研究員 日本立正大學文學博士

專長:明末佛教、比較宗教學、戒律學、禪學、淨土學

著作:

  • 明末中國佛教:特別以智旭為中心(日文)/釋聖嚴譯/山喜房(1975)

  • 世界佛教通史/東初(1983)

  • 密教史/母尾祥雲著/釋聖嚴譯/東初(1992)

  • 中國佛教史概說、密教史/東初(1993)

  • 印度暨西藏佛教/東初(1993)

  • 法鼓全集(共九輯七十冊)/法鼓文化(1999)

      第一輯

      第一冊明末佛教研究
      第二冊大乘止觀法門之研究
      第三冊戒律學綱要
      第四冊比較宗教學
      第五冊基督教之研究
      第六冊菩薩戒指要

      第二輯

      第一冊印度佛教史
      第二冊中國佛教史概說
      第三冊西藏佛教史
      第四冊漢藏佛學同異答問.密教史
      第五冊日韓佛教史略

      第三輯

      第一冊學術論考
      第二冊神通與人通
      第三冊教育.文化.文學
      第四冊留日見聞
      第五冊書序
      第六冊評介.勵行
      第七冊悼念.遊化
      第八冊聖嚴法師學思歷程

      第四輯

      第一冊禪門修證指要
      第二冊禪門驪珠集
      第三冊禪的體驗.禪的開示
      第四冊禪的生活
      第五冊拈花微笑
      第六冊禪與悟
      第七冊信心銘講錄
      第八冊禪的世界
      第九冊聖嚴法師教禪坐
      第十冊禪鑰
      第十一冊禪門
      第十二冊聖嚴說禪

      第五輯

      第一冊佛教入門
      第二冊正信的佛教
      第三冊學佛群疑
      第四冊學佛知津
      第五冊律制生活
      第六冊明日的佛教
      第七冊聖者的故事
      第八冊念佛生淨土

      第六輯

      第一冊歸程
      第二冊法源血源
      第三冊佛國之旅
      第四冊金山有礦
      第五冊火宅清涼
      第六冊東西南北
      第七冊春夏秋冬
      第八冊行雲流水
      第九冊步步蓮華
      第十冊空花水月

      第七輯

      第一冊心經新釋
      第二冊金剛經講記.福慧自在
      第三冊維摩經六講
      第四冊四弘誓願講記.普賢菩薩行願讚講記.慈雲懺主淨土文講記
      第五冊四十二章經講記.觀世音菩薩普門品講記
      第六冊無量壽經講記
      第七冊智慧一○○

      第八輯

      第一冊聖嚴法師心靈環保
      第二冊法鼓鐘聲
      第三冊叮嚀
      第四冊是非要溫柔
      第五冊人行道.平安的人間
      第六冊法鼓山的方向

      第九輯

      第一冊明末中國佛教的研究
      第二冊Faith in Mind
      第三冊Ch'an Retreats in the U.S. and U.K.
      第四冊The Sword of Wisdom
      第五冊Dharma Drum
      第六冊Zen Wisdom
      第七冊Complete Enlightenment

中、英、日著作共約130冊



所 長 李志夫教授

專任研究員 印度大學宗教哲研所碩士

專長:印度思想文化史、天台學、唯識學

著作:

  • 印度哲學導論(評著)/國編館/幼獅 (1974)

  • 理則學導論/華岡出版社 (1974)

  • 巴拉蒂特的哲學:印度吠檀多學派後期/商務 (1975)

  • 印度當代哲學/華岡出版社 (1977)

  • 印度通史(譯作)/國編館 (1981)

  • 楞嚴校釋/大乘精舍 (1984)

  • 中印佛學比較研究/文物供應社初版(1986);北京社科出版社再版 (2001)

  • 印度思想文化史/三民書局 (1995)

  • 法華玄義研究/佛教文獻編撰社 (1997)

  • 印度哲學的基本精神/洪葉文化 (1997)

  • 摩訶止觀研究/法鼓文化(2001)

學術論文共五十餘篇

雜文十五篇



專任研究員 藍吉富老師

東海大學歷史研究所碩士

專長:隋代佛教史、佛教史料學、日本佛教史

著作:

  • 二十世紀的中日佛教/新文豐 (1991)

  • 隋代佛教史述論/臺灣商務 (1993)

  • 中國佛教泛論/新文豐 (1993)

  • 佛教史料學/東大 (1997)

  • 提婆達多/東大 (1999)

  • 主編:
    • 大正藏補編

    • 世界佛教名著譯叢

    • 印順導師的思想與學問

    • 現代佛學大系

    • 雲南大理佛教論文集


學術論文共十二篇



專任研究員 穆克紀教授

德國哥廷根大學哲學博士

專長:印度佛教史、梵語佛典、巴利語佛典、部派佛教

著作:

  • Die Uberlieferung von Devadatta, dem Widersacher des Buddha, in denkanonischen Schriften / Mukherjee, Biswadeb

學術論文共九篇



專任研究員 陳英善老師

文化大學哲學系博士

專長:天台學、華嚴學

著作:

  • 天台性具思想

  • 天臺緣起中道實相論/東初 (1995)

  • 華嚴無盡法界緣起論/華嚴蓮社 (1996)

  • 天台性具思想/東大 (1997)

學術論文共三十篇



專任研究員 楊郁文老師

高雄醫學院醫學士

專長:阿含經、巴利佛典

著作:

  • 《佛光大藏經 阿含藏》/審訂(1983)

  • 《佛光大辭典》/審訂(1988年)

  • 阿含要略/東初(1993)

  • 《長阿含遊行經》註解/甘露道(1994)

  • 由佛法透視緣起、我、無我、空著/甘露道(2000)

  • 佛教聖地隨念經註解/甘露道(2000)

  • 由人間佛法透視緣起、我、無我、空/甘露道(2000)

  • 《佛教聖地隨念經》註解/甘露道(2000)

  • 生活中的呼吸禪:安那般那念/甘露道(2001)

  • 生活中的四念處:佛說念處經/甘露道(2001)

  • 慈悲喜捨—高貴良心的次第開展/甘露道(2001)

  • 《佛教聖地隨念經》1-9冊/甘露道(2001)

學術論文共十三篇



專任副研究員 觀慧法師

美國加州舊金山整體學院宗教哲學博士

專長:中國禪學

著作:

中國禪宗叢林制度及其教育UMI Dissertation Service/1996年4月



專任副研究員 曹仕邦老師

澳洲國立大學博士

專長:中國佛教史、佛教戒律在華蛻變史、中國佛教史籍研究、史學方法、中國史學史、中國中古史、中國小說史、越南史。

著作:

  • 中國佛教譯經史論集/東初(1990)

  • 中國沙門外學的研究:漢末至五代/東初(1994)

  • 中國佛教史學史:東晉至五代/法鼓文化(1999)

學術論文共138篇



專任副研究員 杜正民老師

美國馬里蘭大學

中華佛學研究所畢業

專長:佛學英文、佛教詮釋方法學、如來藏、電子佛典介紹

著作:

  • 佛教和平思想/輔大若望保祿二世和平對話研究中心(1998)

論文著作共三十六篇



專任助理研究員 廖本聖老師

淡江大學化研所碩士

中華佛學研究所畢業

專長:藏語文法

著作:

古典西藏語文法教材的基礎研究


佛教學術徵文

本所自 1988 年開始,定期舉辦佛教博、碩士學術論文甄選。對象為國內各大專院校之博、碩士生之學位論文,經嚴格的審核,擇優錄取,頒給新台幣 3 萬~10 萬的獎學金。特別傑出的著作,再經本所學術編審委員會推薦出版。截至2001 年止,共舉辦 12 屆的學術徵文活動,計獎助博士生 11 名,碩士生 40名。


佛教學術專著

1994年起,本所出版「中華佛學研究所論叢」系列學術專著。出版的對象包括

  • 本所研究人員的專題研究論文

  • 本所研究生的畢業論文

  • 博碩士佛教學術徵文

  • 特約稿

  • 外來投稿

  • 以上各項論文,經本所學術編審委員會審核通過後,推薦出版。本所論叢內容包括:梵、巴、藏、日等語文的佛典譯註,原典語文教材,學術工具書,及佛教文獻、歷史、思想等專案的學術著作。

本所論叢受到國內、外學術界的肯定,除部分佛學院及佛學研究所當作教學教材外,同時也和《中華佛學學報》、《中華佛學研究》與國外學術團體交換出版品。


東初老和尚學術論文甄選入選者團體照



中華佛學研究所論叢

01《量理寶藏論》釋明性 中譯
02《中國沙門外學的研究》曹仕邦 著
03《太虛大師佛教現代化之研究》洪金蓮 著
04《季羨林佛教學術論文集》季羨林著
05《天台緣起中道實相論》陳英善 著
06《僧肇思想探究》涂艷秋 著
07《中國大陸宗教文章索引》上.下王雷泉 主編
08《佛教譬喻文學研究》丁敏 著
09《生命緣起觀》釋惠敏•釋果徹合著
10《敦煌寶藏》遺書索引釋禪叡編著
11《梵語初階》釋惠敏•釋齎因編譯
12《菩提道燈》抉微釋如石 著
13六度四攝與《瑜伽論.戒品》之關係釋體韜 著
14大乘止觀導論—梵本《大乘莊嚴經論•教授教誡品》初探釋惠敏•關則富 合著
15《雜寶藏經》及其故事研究梁麗玲 著
16敦煌寫卷P3006「支謙」本《維摩詰經》注解考釋果樸 著
17《雜阿含經•受相應》之研究釋天襄 著
18敦煌禮懺文研究汪娟 著
19傅大士研究張勇 著
20戒律與襌法釋釋惠敏 著
21中國佛教史學史—東晉至五代曹仕邦 著
22未出版 
23佛教教理研究水野弘元著釋惠敏 譯
24巴利論書研究水野弘元著釋達和 譯
25天台懺法之研究釋大睿 著
26漢月法藏之襌法研究釋見一 著
27潑墨仙人圖研究嚴雅美 著
28人間淨土與現代社會-第三屆中華國際佛學會議中文論文集釋聖嚴等著
29佛學與文學-佛教文學與藝術學術研討會論文集(文學部分)丁敏等著
30古典西藏語文法廖本聖著


畢業生論文著作簡介

由歷屆畢業生提出的論文著作已有 67 篇,其中 14 篇已經由法鼓文化出版。所有著作,不僅收錄在「中華佛學研究所論叢」,研究所網站:www.chibs.edu.tw,也將逐冊全文上網。


畢業生論文資料表90.04.09

姓名論文題目指導老師
釋果祥紫柏大師研究—以生平為中心釋聖嚴
釋會清法藏大師的教學—華嚴乘教義分齊章之探究釋聖嚴
楊惠珊寶性論中佛性思想的研究釋恆清
釋見正印光大師的生平與思想釋聖嚴
周玉真七佛通誡偈思想研究楊郁文
陳玉文四明知禮『釋難扶宗記』之研究釋慧嶽
釋果賾『二萬五千頌般若波羅密多』「發心品」藏文譯註及漢譯四本對照陳玉蛟
釋果燈唐.道宣《續高僧傳》批判思想初探曹仕邦
曾德明藏譯本《學處集要》布施品譯註陳玉蛟
釋禪松藏譯本『二萬五千頌般若波羅密多經合論』初品「教授」中前三子目譯注陳玉蛟
李美煌六度集經研究高明道
釋彥暉寶亮佛性思想之研究釋聖嚴
釋清德印順法師律學研究釋聖嚴
釋一耘太虛大師前期佛教改革運動之研究(1908-1927)釋聖嚴
洪金蓮太虛大師佛教現代化之研究釋聖嚴
賴姿容《菩薩戒義疏》之研究釋聖嚴
陳佳彌《大方廣十輪經》十輪思想之研究李志夫
釋祥智〈 吉祥悅意〉《梵網經》「六十二見」注楊郁文
林純瑜《龍藏.維摩詰所說經》考高明道
釋禪叡秦譯《維摩經佛國品》斠訂探微高明道
釋繼雄初期佛教家庭倫理觀楊郁文
釋果行《四分律刪繁補闕行事鈔》之研究—以眾法為中心曹仕邦
李麗幼《修習次第》後篇譯注林崇安
釋齎因梵語教材與教學之基礎研究釋惠敏
釋果徹梵本《淨明句論.第二十六品觀十二支分》譯注釋惠敏
釋證融梵本《淨明句論.第十五品觀自性》譯注釋惠敏
朱秀容孤山智圓之研究陳英善
羅少萍智顗《維摩詰經》解釋之研究陳英善
釋慧命《阿含經》之「六隨念」初探楊郁文
釋開弘五蓋之研究—以「四阿含經」、「五尼柯耶」為主楊郁文
釋純因漢譯「中阿含經」譬喻之基礎研究穆克紀
釋祥代巴利語《梵網經》「小戒」及其註疏之譯註楊郁文
釋體韜六度四攝與《瑜珈論•戒品》之關係釋惠敏
莊國彬《中觀密意莊嚴》譯注釋明性
釋自拙梵本《淨明句論.第三品觀眼根等》初探釋惠敏
釋自範梵本《阿毗達磨俱舍論明瞭義釋》的研究—序分為主萬金川
蔡薰宜唯識學別解脫無表初探—以《大乘法苑義林章》為主熊 琬
郭翠蘭《攝大乘論》「種子起因說」之探究釋惠敏
釋繼欣藏本《瑜珈師地論•攝事分》「念處相應」首頌初探。林崇安
高正哲《中阿含經》之業觀念初探—以〈業相應品〉為中心楊郁文
宗玉媺《金光明經•空品》的探究高明道
釋見愷《菩薩瑜伽行四百論注•第七品斷貪愛的方法》初探萬金川
廖本聖古典西藏語文法教材的基礎研究釋惠敏
釋果樸敦煌寫本「P3006」—「支謙」本《維摩詰經》注解考高明道
何俊泰見微知著—巴利文《小誦》譯注楊郁文
關則富《大乘莊嚴經論.教授教誡品》梵本譯注釋惠敏
釋天襄《雜阿含經.受相應》初探—以藏本《瑜伽師地論》為會編之依據林崇安
釋繼坤支讖譯經「法師」考釋惠敏
釋道興從佛教瞻病送終法談臨終關懷釋惠敏
釋大睿天台懺法之研究陳英善
釋見一漢月法藏之禪法研究釋惠敏
張雲凱巴利語文法教材之比較研究釋惠敏
黃國清宗密大師三教會通思想研究陳英善
越建東《美難陀》第XV章〈諸尋思之捨斷〉初探釋惠敏
釋心宏《般舟三昧經》的研究釋惠敏
釋德範《八千頌》定位考—以「佛力加持」為範圍高明道
梅靜軒民國前期的漢藏佛教交涉(1912-1949)曹仕邦
釋善音梵本《大乘莊嚴經論.修行品》初探釋惠敏
郭麗娟《彌陀疏鈔》與《彌陀要解》之比較研究釋惠敏
釋能融律制、清規及現代意義之探究釋惠敏
陳紹韻阿含經典之喪親輔導個案初探釋惠敏
張瓊夫高效能的佛典研究資料管理模式—試論超文件標記語言(HTML)及HTML Help在佛典研究資料庫上之應用維習安
釋天真從《雜阿含》1013、1022、574三經經群看善終輔導(spiritual andpastoral counseling)高明道
謝美霜巴利《分別論.諦分別》譯注楊郁文、穆克紀
釋聖空清世宗與佛教釋慧嚴
黃怡琪求生西方淨土之現世倫理意義陳英善
陳滿卿「狂病及其對治」初探—以北傳漢譯佛典為範圍李志夫
釋顯智藏譯獅子賢著《二萬五千頌般若波羅蜜多經八品廣釋》「一切相智品四抉擇分」譯註蕭金松
釋立融益智旭占察懺法之研究陳英善
釋大常智者大師三藏教思想之研究陳英善


Appendices




Historical Hightlights

1965Sept.The China Academy founded The Institute of Buddhist Study and appoints Mr. Chow Pang-tao as its director.
1975Feb. 12Ven. Sheng-yen received the Litt. D. degree from Rissho University, Japan.
1978Oct. 12Mr. Chang Chi-yun, founder of the The Institute of Buddhist Study of China Academy, appointed Ven. Sheng-yen as the director of the Institute, succeeding Mr. Chow Pang-tao, who then accepted an appointment as the honorary director. Ven. Chen-yi is appointed as vice director and Prof. Lee Chih-fu as general secretary. Theinaugural issue of the Hwa-Kang Buddhist Journal was published.
Oct. 26The succession ceremony of the Institute was held with Dr. Pan Wei-ho, president of Chinese Culture College cum secretary-general of the Institute of Buddhist Study of China Academy, presiding.
Dec. 14 A dedication ceremony of the Buddha statue of the Institute is chaired by senior monk Ven. Nan-ting. Mr. Chang Wei-han, president of Control Yuan, a body of the R.O.C.'s Parliament, was invited to cut the ribbon. The annual meeting was also held. Mr. Chang Chi-yun, the founder, delivered a wonderful speech.
1979March 24A meeting of the researchers was held in the Chinese Culture College with director Ven. Sheng-yen presiding.
March 26The Wisdom Society of Chinese Culture College holds anexhibition at the Institute. The exhibits included Buddhist art, ritual paraphernalia, Buddhist scriptures, etc.
April 11Ven. Tien-en, president of Orient University of the United States, visited the Institute and delivered a speech.
April 25The Editorial Committee of the Chinese Classical Books, which was chaired by Mr. Chow Pang-tao, the honorary director of the Institute, published "A Study of Cheng Wei-shih Lun" by Ven. Pu-hsing.
May 3The Institute and The Institute of Buddhist Culture co-sponsored a Buddha-bathing ceremony.
Sept. 15The Institute held its annual meeting of trustees chaired by Chen Tze-jin . A work report was presented at the meeting.
Oct. 6The Institute held a meeting of its supporters in Chinese Culture College chaired by director Ven. Sheng-yen.
1980March 15Ven. Sheng-yen, director of the Institute, started a course on "Ch'an-Yuan-Chu-Chuan-Chi-Tu-Hsu" at the Graduate School of Philosophy at Chinese Culture College.
March 15Dr. Kim Zhi-koyn, a Korean Buddhist leader, visited the Institute accompanied by vice director Ven. Chen-yi and Prof. Chang Man-tao.
May 19Vice director Ven. Chen-yi led over 40 students of Hua Yen Buddhist College and members of the Hua Yen Lotus Society in holding a Buddha-bathing ceremony at the Institute. Prof. Wu Yong-meng, ex-vice president of Chinese Culture College and his wife Prof. Chen Ch'ing-hsiang, Chief secretary of the Institute,Mr. Fang Ning-shu, managing director of the Institute, Prof. Lee Chih-fu, and members of The Wisdom Society of Chinese Culture College also attended the ceremony.
Oct. 1The Institute held its annual meeting at Chinese Culture College chaired by director Ven. Sheng-yen.
Oct. 17Dr. Pan Wei-ho, president of Chinese Culture College, accompanied overseas Chinese leaders in their visit to the Institute.
Oct. 21The Institute's Board of Trustees met at the Hua Yen Lotus Society. The proposed Constitution of the Board of Trustees passed.
1981Feb. 28The Institute's Board of Trustees held an extra meeting at the Hua Yen Lotus Society and Resolved to begin enrolling graduate students in the 1981 academic year.
March 10Ven. Sheng-yen started teaching a one-semester course on "Ju-Hua-Yen-Fa-Chieh-Guan-Men" at the Graduate School of Philosophy at Chinese Culture College.
April 11The Institute's Board of Trustees held an extra meeting to discussthe curricular program and yearly budget.
May 10Vice director, Ven. Chen-yi led students of the Hua Yen Buddhist College and members of The Wisdom Society of Chinese Culture College in holding a Buddha-bathing ceremony at the Institute. Senior monk Ven. Nan-ting was also present to give a teaching.
May 24The Institute invited Dr. Jan Yun-hwa, head of the Religion Department at McMaster University of Canada, to deliver a speech entitled "How to Study Buddhism" at The Hua Yen Lotus Society with vice director Ven. Chen-yi moderating.
June 8Ven. Sheng-yen was appointed as Hwa Kang professor of Chinese Culture College.
Aug. 3The Institute began enrolling the first session of graduate students.
Aug. 14The Institute admited eight graduate students: Ven. Kuo-hsiang, Wu Hai-fang, Hong Ching-yao, Shih Yuan-ching, Chien Ming-fu, Mai Lai-man, Lee Hui-tsen, and Lee Ch'an-yi.
Sept. 8Senior monk Ven. Nan-ting of the Hua Yen Lotus Society donated NT$50,000 to the Institute.
Sep. 19The Institute held the opening ceremony of the 1981 academic year at the Chinese Culture College chaired by president Dr. Pan Wei-ho. Distinguished guests included Ven. Nan-ting, Ven. Chu-yun, Ven. Hsian-tun, Ven. Tze-rren, Ven. Ren-hua, Mr. Han Tung, Mr. Lee Chien, Mr. Lee Chih-fu, Mr. Fang Ning-shu, Mr. Chu-fei, Mr.Chu Wen-ke, Mr. Chiang Po-hsing, Mr. Yueh Ch'on-hui, the Institute's honorary director Mr.Chow Pang-tao, the Institute's honorary chair of the Board of Trustees Mr. Chang Po-yin, trustees Mr. Chang Kou-yin and Ms. Ke Bi-yun, and professors of Chinese Culture College including Prof. Chen Ching-hsiung, Prof. Wu Yong-meng, Prof. Wang Hsih-yi, Prof. Liu Yu-t'ang and Prof. Hsieh Sung-t'ao. A luncheon was held co-sponsored by the Institute of Religion and Morality, and the director of the Institute Ven. Sheng-yen delivered a speech entitled "The Status Quo and Outlook of Religious Education in Different Countries".
Sept. 21First-session classes began for graduate students.
Oct. 3The Institute Director Ven. Sheng-yen chaired the 1981 annual meeting.
Oct. 28Legislator Mr. Huang Huan-ju donated NT$100,000 to the Institute for scholarships to commemorate the 100th birthday of his late father, Mr. Huang Mao-t'ing.
Dec. 8Yang Ming Shan Credit Cooperatives donated NT$40,000 to the Institute for scholarships.
1982Jan. 18A symposium on administrative affairs of the Institute was held at Nung Chan Monastery, co-chaired by the director and vice director with faculty members and students attending.
March 1Director Ven.Sheng-yen taught a one-semester course on "The Hua Yen School's Five Teachings on Tranquillity and Insight Meditation" at the Institute of Philosophy at Chinese Culture College.
April 8On behalf of Dr. Pan Wei-ho, president of Chinese Culture College, Ven. Sheng-yen and Ven. Chen-yi, director and vice director of the Institute, visited the United States on the invitation of Florida State University.
April 13On behalf of Dr. Pan Wei-ho, president of Chinese Culture College,Ven. Sheng-yen and Ven. Chen-yi visited Florida State University and discussed co-operation and exchange programs for faculty and students.
April 24Prof. J. Upadhyaya, head of Department of Pali Language of India's Sanskrit University, visited the Institute.
May 7Mr. Kao Pun-chao, the board Chairperson of Shin Wen Fong Publishing Co., donated one set of the Tripitaka Koreana to the Institute.
May 16Vice director of the Institute, Ven. Chen-yi led the students of the Institute, Hua Yen Buddhist College, and Wisdom Society of the Chinese Culture College in a Buddha-bathing ceremony commemorating the Buddha's Birthday.
May 22The standing committee of the Institute held a meeting at Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Culture with vice director Ven. Chen-yi chairing.
July 29A written examination was given to potential second session students.
July 30An oral examination was administered to potential second session students with director Ven. Sheng-yen, vice director Ven. Chen-yi, Prof. Lee Chih-fu and Prof. Chen Rong-po as examiners.
Aug. 2 - Sept 1At the invitation of the Singapore Ministry of Education and theSingapore Buddhist Association, Ven. Sheng-yen visited Singapore for one month to give Dharma teachings. During his stay, Ven. Sheng-yen received a warm welcome from the Buddhist community. In addition to teaching thirty classes to middle school teachers, he also gave six public talks with more than one-thousand people in attendance on each occasion. He also participated in a meeting convened by the Singapore Ministry of Education to discuss the implementation of religious and Confucian moral education.
Aug. 13New graduate students Ven. Hui-min, Yeh Teh-sheng, Wu Wen-bin, Chou Chih, Chen Hsiu-lan, Lin Meng-yin, Chen Hsi-ru and Ku Tien-yin admitted to the Institute.
Sept. 1Ven. Sheng-yen returned to Taiwan from Singapore.
Sept. 1 - 5India's religious leader Mr. Chinayananda visited Taiwan and lecturedat the Taipei American School for five days. He visited the Institute and the National Palace Museum accompanied by Prof. Lee Chih-fu.
Sept. 16The 1982 academic year commenced with an orientation for new students.
Nov. 12Director Ven. Sheng-yen and vice director Ven. Chen-yi led faculty members and students of the Institute in a visit to the Tzu Hang Hall at Hsi-Chih, the Fa Wang Temple, and Sheng Ming Temple in Keelung. The group returned to Taipei in the afternoon via Yeh-Liu, King-Shan, and Tam-Shui.
Nov. 12All freshman students of the Institute went to Fo Kuang Shan to attend the Fifth International Conference on Buddhism.
1983March 9The director of Nippon Kodo Kyodan, Okano Seikan, and his wife, the vicedirector, Okano Ayako were granted an honorary doctorate by Chinese Culture College. A symposium on religion and morality was held with Ven. Sheng-yen chairing. Ven. Sheng-yen also accompanied them in their visit to the Institute.
March 21Ven. Sheng-yen gives a dharma talk to the students of the Wisdom Society of Chinese Culture College.
March 30Professor一柳豐勝of Doho Uinversity and Matsushige Kohyu,President of Educational Material Association, visited the Institute.
April 16The Institute held an ad hoc meeting of the Board of Trustees at the Hua Yen Lotus Society with Ven. Sheng-yen chairing.
May 21Vice director of the Institute Ven. Chen-yi led students of the Institute, Hua Yen Buddhist College, and Wisdom Society of Chinese Culture College in a Buddha-bathing ceremony commemorating the Buddha's Birthday. Other participants include chief secretary of the Institute Prof. Lee Chih-fu, head of the Department of Economics of Chinese Culture College Prof. Wu Yong-meng, and musician Prof. Wu Chu-t'sai.
July 31The Credit Cooperative of Yang Ming Shan donates NT$40,000 in scholarship money to the Institute.
Aug.The entrance examination was administered to potential third sessionstudents . The oral test was conducted by the director Ven. Sheng-yen, vice director Ven. Chen-yi, Prof. Lee Chih-fu, and Prof. Kong Wei-chin.
Aug.New graduate students Ven. Ching-hsun, Ven. Hui-ching, Ven. Kai-chih, Ven. Teh-chao, Teng Keh-ming, Chang Chao-jen, and Chang Kuen-yi were admitted to the Institute.
Nov. 25Ven. Sheng-yen and Ven. Chen-yi led the faculty members and students in a visit to the Chiao Ai Nursery School in Taoyuan. After lunch, they visited Chiang Kai-shek's temporary tomb at Tzu-Hu and returned to Taipei via Shih-Men Dam and Ta-hsi.
Dec.17The Institute invited Prof. Yang Pai-yi to give a lecture on "The State of the Development of Buddhism in Japan and Korea" at the Hua Yen Lotus Society.
1984Feb. 11Mr. Liu King-peng, secretary of the Government Information Office of the Executive Yuan , accompanied a group of six people, including program producer Dr. Hang Walter Berg of the West German National Television Station on a visit to the Institute, where they make an impromptu film. The theme centered on the facilities, the faculty, and students of the Institute. The director Ven. Sheng-yen and vicedirector Ven. Chen-yi also gave a short and remarkable speech on "The Earthly Pure Land". Feb. 27, 1984 Ven. Sheng-yen taught a one-semester course on "The Five Teachings of Hua Yen School" at the Institute of Philosophy at Chinese Culture College.
March 12Dr. Chang Ho-chin, a professor of the University of Washington,USA, and a visiting professor of National Chung-shan University in Taiwan, came to the Institute to give a speech entitled "The Education of Religious Philosophy in Modern America".
March 13Mr. Liu Hsu-duan, a section chief of the Commission of Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs and Ming Chu Rinpoche were accompanied by Cha Chu Rinpoche, Sang-Shang Rinpoche, Nawa Tz'uren Lama, Baima Shaba Lama in visiting the institute.
March 17The Institute held a meeting of Trustees at Hua Yen Lotus Society with chairperson Chen Tze-Jin presiding.
May 6Vice director of the Institute Ven. Chen-yi led students of the Institute,graduate students of Hua Yen Institute, and the students of the Wisdom Society of Chinese Culture College in a Buddha-bathing ceremony commemorating the Buddha's birthday. Participants included Prof. Kong Wei-chin, a professor of the Institute; Prof. Wu Yong-meng, head of the Department of Economics of ChineseCulture College; and, Prof. Chen Ch'ing-hsiang, a professor of the Institute of Arts of Chinese Culture College.
May 24Vice director of the Institute Ven. Chen-yi obtained an Honorary Ph.D. from the Orient University, USA in a ceremony held at Taipei City Hall. The Institute also cooperated with the Confucian Foundation of the United States and the Confucian College of the United States in holding a symposium on "Cultural Exchange Between East and West". There were over 300 participants, including Dai Yen-hui, Chen Chi-lu, Yang Chi-hsiang, Wang Han-sheng, and Chang Yuan-sheng. During the meeting, Mr. Dai Yen-hui, the senior advisor to the president, General Yeh Tsuei-pai, and Ven. Sheng-yendelivered speeches on international relations and the interflow of religion, culture and arts.
July 12Dr. A. K. Narain, a professor teaching Middle Asian Studies at the Department of History of the University of Wisconsin, visited the Institute in the company of Prof. Lee Chih-fu.
Sept.The Chinese Culture College was restructured. The Institute of Buddhist Study of China Academy stopped recruiting students.
Oct. 6The Institute held its annual meeting at Hua Fong Hall in Chinese Culture University.
Dec. 28Yang Ming Shan Credit Cooperatives donated NT$40,000 to the Institute.
1985March 7Dr.Yi Zae-chon, director of the Institute of Buddhist Studies of Tokko University, Korea, visited the Institute.
April 3Ven. Hou-hsion, abbot of Hui Jih Lecture Hall, visited the Institute.
April 20The Board of Trustees of the Institute met at the Hua Yen Lotus Society.
May 26Ven. Chen-yi led students of the Institute, members of Wisdom Society of Chinese Culture University, and students of Hua Yen Buddhist College and Hua Yen Institute of Buddhist Studies in a Buddha-bathing ceremony.
Aug.Ven. Sheng-yen founded "Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies" at Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Culture in Pei-tou, Taipei, to continue the recruitment of students.
Aug. 27Prof. Hattori Shiyomei of Kyoto University, Japan visited the Institute with Prof.Yeh A-yueh of the Department of Philosophy of National Taiwan University, and Ven. Hui-ling.
Sept. 20The Institute began holding classes.
Oct. 29Mr. Friedrich F. Grohmann, a young scholar from Germany, conducted a symposium at the Institute about research trend in Germany and his own academic experience.
1986Jan. 11Ven. Minh Tam, a Vietnamese monk residing in France, visited the Institute.
April 1Ven. Hui-min, a student of the second session of the Institute, wins the scholarship offered by the Interchange Association (Japan) and went to Tokyo University for advanced studies.
July 12Prof. David Chappell of the University of Wisconsin visited the Institute inthe company of Ven. Heng-ching.
Aug. 12Dr. Chen Jo-lung, a Chinese scholar in teaching France, conducted a symposium for the researchers of the Institute.
Sept.Chun Hui Sutra-Printing Society had a remaining balance of NT$16,700 from its sixth pilgrimage. Its president, Mr. Wong Jia-ruey, donated the money to the Institute as a scholarship fund.
Oct. 4The Institute held its annual meeting at Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Culture.
1987Jan. 6Prof. Jagchid Sechin and Prof. Chen Chung-yin, two Chinese scholars teaching in the USA, visited the Institute in the company of Prof. Yang Hui-nan and Prof. Yen Ch'eng-ying.
Jan. 13Prof. David W. Chappell and Prof. Cheng Hsueh-li of the University of Hawaii visited the Institute in the company of Ven. Heng-ch'ing.
Feb. 6Lama Lung-pei visited the Institute in the company of Mr. Tsen Yi-shih, a senior official of the Ministry of Education.
Feb. 26Dr. Mizutani Kosho, principal of Bukkyo University in Japan, and Prof. Takagi Eiji visited the Institute in the company of Mrs. Yang-Lin Bao-bi, wife of thelate Prof. Yang Bai-yi.
March 2The Instituted filed an application of registration with the Ministry of Education.
March 25Prof. Mitsushima Tadasu of Kokushikan University, Japan, visited the Institute.
April 1Ven. Hou-kuan, a graduate student of the second session of the Institute, won the scholarship offered by the Interchange Association (Japan) and entered TokyoUniversity, Japan, for advanced studies.
July 1The Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies was accredited by the Ministry of Education, thus becoming the first accredited institute of Buddhist higher education and research. "Hwa Kang Buddhist Journal" was renamed "Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal".
Aug. 22The Institute held its grand opening ceremony with Mr. Yu Chun-hsian, a senior advisor to the president, Ven. Wu-ming, and Ven. Chen-yi cutting the ribbon.
Oct. 14The Institute held its annual meeting at the first floor of the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Culture, Pei-tou, Taipei.
1988March 17Institute Director Ven. Sheng-yen chaired a symposium on education. The participants include over 150 faculty members, students and trustees of the institute. Ven. Hui-min, Ven. Hou-kuan and Mr. Chen Chung-yuan who were the second and third session students of the Institute undergoing advanced studies in Japan, used their spring vacation to come back to Taiwan. They gave talks on their preparatory work, and other items such as the curricula and life in Japan's schools.
July 24The Institute held its first Buddhist Summer Camp for university and college students.
Oct. 13Representatives of the Religious Dialogue Society of the Catholic Jesus Churches in Eastern Asia visited the Institute.
1989Jan. 17Dr. Mizutzni Kosho, president of Bukkyo University, Japan, visited the Institute.
AprilThe Institute purchased a 30-hectare of land in Kin-Shan, Taipei County.The land was christened "Dharma Drum Mountain".
Aug. 13 - 19The Institute held its second Buddhist Summer Camp for university and college students. The Theme of the seven-day camp was "The Integration of Traditional Buddhism and Cultural Buddhism".
Sept. 15Alahd al. Abdullah Caderi, director of the Institute of Muslim Religious Studies, Saudi Arabia, called on Ven. Sheng-yen.
Oct. 15The Institute signed an academic exchange agreement with its sister school, the Institute of Buddhist Culture at Bukkyo University, Japan.
1990Jan.12-15The Institute held the first Chung-Hwa International Conference on Buddhism at the National Central Library, Taipei. The Theme of the conference was "Buddhist Ethics and Modern Society." The Institute adopted "Buddhist Tradition and Modern Society" as its governing theme for this and all future conferences.More than 100 Buddhist specialists and scholars from over 20 countries presented 42 papers at the conference.
Feb. 8Accompanied by Mrs. Yang-Ling Pao-bi, a group of six scholars from Rissho University, Japan including its President Mano Ryukai, Prof. Mitabayashi Akihiko,Prof. Takeda Chyoten, and others visited the Institute.
April 30Accompanied by Prof. Yo Hsiang-chou and Prof. Cheng Chen-huang, Dr. Shen Chia-Ttsen, the vice president of the Buddhist Association of the United States, visited the Institute and conducted a forum with the faculty andstudents.
May 19Ven. Mettanando, the representative in charge of foreign affairs, at Wat Phra Dhammakaya in Thailand visited the Institute to negotiate the signing of a Cooperation Contract.
June 10Prof. Zhang Sui, the Director of the Institute of Oriental Studies, Shanghai University, visited the Institute. He was the first Mainland Chinese scholar to visit Taiwan with the permission of the Ministry of Education of the ROC government.
July 5The Contract of Cooperation with Wat Phra Dhammakayaed Thailand was signed. Ven. Jing-neng, a director of the Institute, and Ven. Phra Phadet Dattajeevo, the Deputy Abbot of Wat Phra Dhammakaya, signed the Contract. Wat Phra Dhammakaya had already sent two monks to study at the Institute
Sept. 6-9The First United Presentation of Buddhist Papers was organized by Torch of Wisdom Monthly and Miao-lin Institute of Pali Buddhism at Yuan-heng Monastery, Kaohsiung, with students from seven local Buddhist institutes and colleges attending. Five students from the Institute presented their papers at themeeting, led by Prof. Chen Yin-shan.
Sept. 15The Opening Ceremony and the Commencement Ceremony of the 1990 academic year and the Awards Ceremony of Ph.D and M.A. scholarships were held at the Institute. There were twelve freshmen, eight of them students of the Sixth Session who had finished their M.A. courses and two graduate students from the Institute. Two Ph.D. dissertations and seven M.A. thesis writers were awarded scholarships. Present to award the scholarships were Buddhist leaders and scholars including Ven. Sheng-yen, Ven . Wu-ming, the President of the Buddhist Association of the Republic of China; Ven. Chen-yi, the Director of the Institute of Hua Yen School Buddhism; Ven. Heng-ch'ing, the Director of the Fa Kwang Institute of Buddhist Studies; Prof. Cheng Chia-wu, the President of Chinese Culture University; Prof. Huang Chen-hua, the Director of the Institute of Philosophy of Chinese Culture University; Prof. Chang Yuon-chun, the Director of the Institute of Philosophy of National Taiwan University; and Prof. Ch'an Pi-teh, the vice director of National Palace Museum.
Nov. 14Ven. Sheng-yen, signed a Document of Understanding with Prof. Luis Gomez, the Director of the Institute for the Study of Buddhist Literature of the Department of Asian Languages and Cultures at the University of Michigan State at Ann Arbor.
1991Jan. 12Ven. Sheng-yen, signed an Agreement of Academic Exchange and Cooperation with Dr. Kenyo Mitomo, the Director of the Department of Buddhist Studies at Rissho University, Japan.
Jan. 15Prof. Kosho Mizutzani, the former president of Bukkyo University, visited the Institute and accepted an invitation to give intensive lectures during the 1991-1992 academic year.
March 6Prof. Chowzun Otani led seventeen members of the "Society of Tomorrow" from Nagoya, Japan in visiting the Institute.
March 9Ven. Hyun-moon, abbot of Yak-soo-ahm Monastery, and Ven. Chung-wuck,Ven. Dae-sung, Ven. Bo-lim and other monks of Song-gyang-sa Monastery and Hae-in-sa Monastery from Korea visited the Institute.
March 16Mr. Lee Wei-kang, the "cardinal envoy" of Tienti-Chiao (lit. The Religion of Heavenly Emperor) led a group of sixteen followers in visiting theInstitute.
June 21Ven. Pra Chiayot Chaiyayaso, abbot of Chiangmai Buddhakasetra Foundation of Thailand, led a group of fourteen monks, siksamanas, and lay followers from Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore in visiting the Institute.
July 6-7Entrance Examination of the 1991 academic year was administered.
July 13The "Development Permit" application was submitted to the Taipei County Government. The newly purchased land at Kin-shan, Taipei County, now called "Dharma Drum Mountain" was to be the new site of the Institute.
Sept. 6-7The Second United Presentation of Buddhist Papers was organized by the Fa Kuang Institute of Buddhist Studies with students from colleges attending. Four students from the Institute presented their papers at the meeting.
Sept. 9The Opening Ceremony and the Commencement Ceremony of the 1991 academic year were held. There were twelve full-time freshmen and four students of selective courses. Six students of the Seventh Session finished their M.A. courses and one student (Ven. Kou-den) had submitted the thesis and passed the oral test.
Oct. 28 - Nov. 5Ven. Sheng-yen, gave eleven lectures on Buddhism at universities in Costa Rica and four southern states of the USA, including Florida, Louisiana, Texas, and Georgia.
Nov. 24Kyabgon Chetsaug, head of the Tibetan Drigung Kargyudpa, accompanied by a group of six rinpoches and his changchub-lling Buddhist College in Northern India, exchanged views about educational management with the Institute.
1992Jan. 1The Ministry of Education granted approval for Prof. Fang Ning-shu to act as deputy director of the Institute.
Feb. 16In the "Lunar New Year Garden Fete" at Chung-Chen Senior High School, Ven. Wu-ming awarded the "Scholarships for Buddhist Academic Papers" to writers of five master theses and one doctorate dissertation from the Institute.
March 27Ven. Sheng-yen, presided over a discussion session and two faculties members, Ven. Huey-yen and Prof. Lee Chih-fu, presented their papers on "Buddhism and Ethical Morality" and "Buddhism and Chinese Literature" respectively at the "International Academic Conference on Religion and Culture" organized by Catholic Fu-Jen University.
May 12-14Ven. Sheng-yen, accepted an invitation to attend the "Symposium on Various Buddhist Schools" at Colombia University in New York. The sponsor of the symposium was the New York Buddhist Association founded by Ven. Piyatissa of Ceylon.
June 10Dr. Leonard Swidler, the Director of Graduate Religion Studies at TempleUniversity, visited the Institute and held an "Interreligious Ideological Dialogue" fromthe viewpoints of Buddhism and Christianity with faculty members and students.
JulyVen. Guo-hue and Ven. Guo-yuan began studies as exchange monks at the Dhammakaya Foundation in Thailand, a sister school of the Institute.
July 18-21The Second Chung-Hwa International Conference on Buddhism was convened at the Grand Hotel, Taipei. The theme of the conference was "Traditional Precepts and the Modern World". President Lee Teng-hui of the R.O.C. gave a congratulatory message. More than 100 Buddhist scholars from over 10 countries presents 26 papers at the conference.
Aug. 4-11Ven. Sheng-yen, Prof. Lee Chih-fu, and Prof. Fang Ning-shu, and the construction committee of Dharma Drum Mountain traveled to Japan to visit the sister schools of Rissho University, Bukkyo University, and other Buddhist academic and religious organizations.
Aug. 13Legislator Chen Shui-pien along with members of the Women's Union and the Rotary Club were invited to join a symposium exploring the interaction of religion, education, and environmental protection, the feasibility of including religious studies in basic education, the legalization of religious education organization, and other issues.
Sept. 2The Third United Presentation of Buddhist Papers was held by the China Buddhist Institute. Three students from the Institute presented their papers at theseminar.
Sept. 7The Opening Ceremony and the Commencement Ceremony of the 1992 academic year were held. Eleven full time freshmen and nine part-time students enrolled. Moreover, ten students finished their M.A. courses, and six students submitted theses and passed oral tests. This was the most fruitful year in the history of the Institute thus far.
Sept. 15Visiting Professor Khenpo Gyurme Samdup of the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism, conducted courses on "The Tibetan Text Entitled Mkhas pa'i tshue" and "La 'jug pa'i sgo" by 'Ju Mi-pham" ("The Gate-Way for the Wise").
Sept. 15Ven. Hui-min, a second-session graduate of the Institute, was awarded the Ph.D. by Tokyo University of Japan in June, and returned to teach at the Institute.
Sept. 25Upon the invitation of the Organization Committee of Tun-Huang Ancient Arts and Technology Exhibition, Tuan Wen-chieh, President of the Tun-Huang Academy, Kan-Su Province, China, visited Taiwan, and was appointed an Associate Research Fellow of the Institute by Ven. Sheng-yen.
Oct. 1Ven. Sheng-Yen was appointed an Advisor of the Institute for the Comprehensive Study of the Lotus Sutra at Rissho University in Japan, and Ven. Hui-min, an Associate Research Fellow at the Institute, was appointed as visiting Research Fellow.
Oct 10-17Ven. Sheng-yen visited Belgium and Czechoslovakia to propagate Buddhism. During his seven-day stay in Czechoslovakia, Ven. Sheng-yen visited Prague University, the Czechoslovakia Buddhist Society, the Prague Catholic Seminar, the Prague Evangelical Theosophical Faculty, and others. He also visited the Public Oriental Graduate School in Czechoslovakia and met with Dr. Jaromit Homolka, the Director of the Philosophy Institute at Prague University. Ven. Sheng-yen visited University Catholiqu e de Louvain in Belgium and was welcomed by the Head of the Oriental Institute.
Oct. 19-30Ven. Sheng-yen toured the United States to preach the Dharma. He visited seven states and gave fourteen lectures and discussions in nine famous universities, including Harvard University, Washington University, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and Cornell University.
Oct. 30Ven. Sheng-yen was included in the 1992-1993 "Who's Who in the Republic of China" which was compiled by Government Information Office. He was honored as an outstanding citizen.
Nov. 3-4Ven. Sumangala, President of the Nepalese Chapter of the World Congress on Religion and Peace (WCRP) and Asian Congress on Religion and Peace(ACRP), visited the Institute, Nung-Chan Monastery and Dharma Drum Mountain.
1993Jan. 31Writers of six master's theses were awarded NT$50,000 each in the third "Scholarships for Buddhist Academic Papers" in the "Lunar New Year Garden Fete"at Nung Chan Monastery.
Feb. 15Dr. Deng Keh-ming, a third-session graduate student of the Institute, obtained a Ph.D. in Chinese Philosophy from Tokyo University in Japan in December, 1992,and returned to teach at the Institute.
March 10Ven. Gnana Jagat, curator of Bodhi Gaya in India, visited the Institute.
April 8-25Ven. Sheng-yen, led a 117-person pilgrimage mission for 18-days in China, visiting Buddhist ruins in Chi-tsu Mountain of Yunnan, Er-mei Mountain of Szechwan, and Lhasa of Tibet.
April 21Ven. Dhammadipa, disciple of Buddhadasa bhikkhu, Thailand, and six other guests visited the Institute.
April 27 - May 1Ven. Sheng-yen, gave three lectures at the University of California in Los Angeles and Irvine.
May 24Ven. Sheng-yen, gave a lecture at Michigan University.
May 28Prof. Yu Chun-fang of Rutgers University, USA, gave a lecture entitled "Kuan-yin Belief and Chinese Culture".
July 7The 30-person "Cultural Visiting Group of Sung-Shan Shao-Lin Temple" visited Nung-Chan Monastery, and were honored by Ven. Sheng-yen with the one hundred-volume Buddhist Tripitaka and his books.
August 12-18The Fourth Buddhist Summer Camp for College Students, was held at Dharma Drum Mountain with the main theme of "Buddhism and Life." The camplasted for seven days and there were 118 participants.
August 30The ground-breaking ceremony for the new campus of the Chung-Hwa Institute took place at Dharma Drum Mountain.
Sept. 1Ven. Guo-chou and Ven. Guo-fang, went to the Dhammakaya Foundation inThailand to study for one year in an exchange program.
Sept. 6The Opening Ceremony and the Commencement Ceremony of the 1993 academic year were held. There were thirteen full-time freshmen. Five studentshad submitted their thesis and passed their oral examinations.
Sept. 11-13Three students from the Institute presented their papers at the symposium, "The Third United Presentation of Buddhist Papers."
Sept. 22Prof. Dusan Pajin of Belgrade University, Yugoslavia, gave a lecture entitled "Buddhism and Modern Psychology." It was translated by Ms Chang Hsian-hwa and attended by thirty students and members of the Sangha.
Oct. 4Ven. Thich Minh Chau, the Rector of the Vietnam Institute of Advanced Buddhist Studies, visited the Nung-Chan Monastery and the Institute.
Oct. 18Ven. Mettanando, Vice-director of Dhammakaya Foundation, Thailand, and seventeen others, came to renew the Contract of Academic Cooperation for another three years.
Oct. 28Prof. Takahasi Kouzi, President of Bukkyo University, Japan, accompanied by three people, came to renew the Contract of Academic Cooperation.
Oct. 29Ven. Sheng-yen, was invited to give a lecture at Chung-kuan Temple in Buenos Aires, Argentina and also at El Salvador University.
Nov. 6Ven. Sheng-yen was awarded "Outstanding Social Leader Award."
Nov. 8Ven. Sheng-yen, was invited to give a lecture at the Department of East Asian Studies at the University of Arizona, USA
Nov. 10Ven. Sheng-yen, was awarded "The Chung-Shan Biographic Literature Prize" for his book "My Pilgrimage of Study and Thinking."
Nov. 12-17Ven. Sheng-yen, was invited by the University of New York, the Institute of East Asian Studies of Cornell University, Temple University and other academic institutions to give lectures.
Nov. 29Khenpo Drukchen Gyatsho Rinpoche, the chief advisor of Nalanda Institute,Nepal, gave a lecture entitled "Conventional Bodhi Mind and Ultimate Bodhi Mind."
Dec. 13Prof. Chen Hsiao-pin and Ph.D. program student Lin Ch'ing-wen of National Chang-Hwa Normal University accompanied Dr. Page, a professor of the Department of Clinical Psychology at the University of Georgia, USA came to the Institute tostudy oriental Chan.
1994Jan. 14Before returning to Canada, Prof. Jan Yun-hua gave a special lecture on "Some Problems of Ho-Tze Chan."
Jan. 15Dr. Ryushin Azuma, Vice-president of Komazawa Women's Junior University, and Rev. Takeshi Juroda, Chief-director of Yokohama Zenkoji, Japan, visited the Institute.
Feb. 20The Fifth Award Ceremony of the Fifth "Scholarships for Buddhist Academic Papers" was held for writers of three master theses and two doctorate dissertations.
March 17Prof. Ryosho Tanaka, accompanied by Prof. Yoshihide Yoshizu,Komazawa University, Japan, signed a Contract of Academic Cooperation.
April 19-24Upon the invitation of the North American Association for the Propagation of the Buddha dharma, Ven. Sheng-yen gave lectures in Vancouver, Canada, and was given a reception by Dr. David Strang-Way, chancellor of the University of British Columbia.
April 20At the first symposium of full-time researchers, Mr. Yang Yu-wen and Mr. Tso Sze-bong presented papers.
April 27At the first symposium of full-time researchers, Ven. Hui-yen and Mr. Deng Keh-ming presented papers.
May 2Ven. Ming-Shan, abbot of the Chiao-Shan Ting-hui Monastery of China visited the Institute.
May 4At the first symposium of full-time researchers, Mr. Lan Chi-fu and Ms. Chen Ying-shan presented papers.
May 14Ven. Sheng-yen expounded the Buddha dharma at Central Park, New York City.
June 15-20Ven. Sheng-yen conducted the third Intensive Meditation Retreat at the Morgan Bay Meditation Hall in Maine, USA.
July 23-25The International Conference on Buddhism and Chinese Culture, sponsored by the National Culture Association, and organized by the Institute, was held at the National Central Library with 46 papers presented in Chinese, English, and Japanese.
Aug.Miss Mai Lai-man, a first session student of the institute received her Ph.D.from the University of Wisconsin at Madison.
August 1 Ven. Hui-min, a second session student of the Institute was appointed the vice director. 
August 9-15The Fifth Buddhist summer camp for university students was held with 79 participants. The main theme was "Virtue, Meditation, Wisdom, and Life."
Sept. 2-4Two students of the institute presented papers at "The United Presentation of Buddhist Papers."
Sept. 5The opening and commencement ceremony for the 1994 school year was held.Ten freshmen were enrolled and ten students presented their theses and passed theiroral examinations.
Sept. 14Dr. Michael McManus, the executive chairman of The International School of Management, led five graduate students in a visit to the Institute.
Sept. 22Ven. Hui-min was appointed as the dean of the Student Affairs Division of National Institute of Arts.
Sept. -June,1995 Jennifer Eichman, a graduate student of the Department of Asian Languages and Cultures, Universtity of Michigan (a sister school) came to Taiwan to learn Chinese and studied at the Institute as an auditing student.
Oct.Kuo Ch'uon-yao, a fifth session student of the Institute, returned to guide the students in reading the Sanskrit Buddhist Scripture.
Oct. 12Ven. Wei-ch'e and Ven.Wei-kai of Chih-line-jin-yuan Monastery, Kowloon, and Ven. Miaw-kwang of Kuan Yin Monastery, Lantou, and five others visited the Institute's Library.
Oct. 27Ven. Bothalegama Sanghartama Thera, a Ph.D. program student of Komazawa University, Japan, visits the Institute.
Nov. 9Ven. Khai-sear, the secretary-general of Young Buddhist Association of Malaysia, led fifteen members of its Teachers Committee in a visit to the Institute.
Nov. 14A group of eight, including Dr. Ryojun Mitomo of The Eastern Institute, Inc.,Japan, visits the Institute.
Nov. 20Feng-Shan Lotus Society held the inaugural ceremony for The Master Tzu Yun Memorial Library. The Institute donated one set each of "The Complete Dharma Drum Collection" and "The Complete Works of Master Dong-Chu."
Nov. 25Upon the request of the Department of Buddhist Studies, Delhi University, India, and The Karmapa International Buddhist Institute, the Institute donated 20 academic books to each organization.
Dec. 12Dr. Urs App, the vice director of the International Research Institute for Zen Buddhism at Hanazono University, Japan, and his assistant visited the Institute.
Dec. 18A group of 26 members of the Ch'an Society of Fu-Tai Engineering Co., Lcell. visit the Institute.
1995Jan.18Chung-Hwa's "The Discussion Meeting on Graduate Student Papers" was renamed "The Committee for Examining Proposal, for the Graduate Student Paper."
Jan.19 - April 3Ayoko Tsukada, a second year graduate student of the Department of Buddhism at Rissho University, Japan, came to do research as an exchange student.
Feb.1Awards Ceremony for the "Selection of Academic Thesis on Buddhism" was held at Nung-Chan Monastery. Two M.A. theses and one non-student thesis won awards.
Feb.- JuneBrook A. Ziporyn, a Ph.D. program student of the Department of Asian Languages and Cultures, University of Michigan, USA, studied at the Institute as an auditing student.
MarchVen. Kuo-jin, the ex-superintendent of Nung-Chan Monastery, began advanced studies on Pure Land Buddhism at the Literature Institute of Bukkyo University, a sister school.
March 28Prof. Endo Asai of Rissho University, Japan and seven graduate students visited the Institute.
March 29 - April 3Dr. Ikuko Nakagawara of the Department of Aesthetics and Art History, School of Letters, Nagoya University, Japan, visited the Institute.
June 2-10Ven. Sheng-yen conducted a 7-day meditation retreat at the Chan Society of the University of Bristol in Wales, England. In the afternoon of June 10, he gave a lecture entitled "Chinese Buddhism and Chan School" at the invitation of Dr. Paul Williams, director of the Buddhist Research Center at the university.
Aug. 25-27The Institute held the sixth United Presentation of Buddhist papers by graduate students and 31 papers were presented. There was also an exhibition of Buddhist books and articles. At the closing ceremony, there was a demonstration on "The Application of Computerized Information in Buddhist Study and Teaching."
Sept. 7Dr. McManus, executive director of International School of Management, led 12 students in visiting the Institute.
Nov. 15Faculty and students of the Institute visited the National Palace Museum to see the paintings from the Louvre Palace, Paris with Prof. Chen Shih-ming of the National Institute of the Arts as guide.
Nov. 29Faculty and students of the Institute visited Ping Kung Monastery to seek advice from elder Master Yin-shun.
Dec. 29Ven. Chieh-chuan, president of Fukien Buddhist Association, visited the Institute.
1996Jan. 8Mr. Dai K'ang-sheng, vice director of the Institute for Research on World Religion at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and two colleagues visited the Institute.
Jan. 12The 7th Awards Ceremony of M.A. thesis and Ph.D. dissertations on Buddhism was held. Winners include one Ph.D. and four M.A.s.
Jan. 22Miss Mai Lai-man, a graduate student of the first session, obtained a Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin in August, 1994 and received an invitation to teach at the Institute.
Jan. 23Ven. Sheng-yen was given the first "Outstanding Chinese Award" under the category of religious education in recognition of his ideas and achievements in promoting spiritual improvement and caring about society.
April 16The Preparatory Office of Dharma Drum College visited the construction site of Hsuan Tsang University.
April 17Ven. Jen-chun returned to Taiwan from New York to propagate the Buddha dharma and held a symposium at the Institute.
April 22Ven. Sheng-yen led 299 sangha and lay disciples on a third pilgrimage in Mainland China lasting for fourteen days.
Apri 29A total of three officials including Miss Chow Jung-jung, the superintendent of the Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Education, and Mr. Wang Ya-k'ang, the director of the Fifth Department, Executive Yuan, visited the Institute in their supervisory role.
May 21The Preparatory Office of Dharma Drum College visited Da Yeh Institute of Technology.
May 24Three teachers of National Institute of the Arts, and Dr. Ye Lang, Director of the Philosophy Department and Religion Studies Department at Peking University, visited the Institute.
May 30Ven. Hui-min led students and colleagues in visiting the Computer Center and the Artifacts Exhibition Hall of the Academia Sinica.
June 3Dr. Thomas Dean, Director of the Religion Department, Temple University in the USA, and his wife visited the Institute.
June 17The Higher Education Good-will Group of Mainland China visited the preparatory office of Dharma Drum College and Nung-Chan Monastery.
July 1Prof. Fang Ning-shu retired from his position as the director of the Institute and became the standing director of the board, handing this post to Prof. Lee Chih-fu.
July 4Prof. Lee Chih-fu, director of the Institute and Prof. Ye Lang, director of the Philosophy Department at Peking University in Mainland China, discussed the possibility of establishing a cooperation program.
July 11The Preparatory Office of Dharma Drum College received the second revised construction plan from the Ministry of Education.
July 26 - 31The Institute held a Buddhist research camp on the subject of "Buddhist Studies and the Practice of the Buddha Dharma -- Learn with the Buddha Actively and Happily." It integrated the teachings of the institute and the joy of a summer camp to let students learn happily, and for them to understand the basics of Buddhist studies and the inter-relationship between Buddhist studies and Buddhist practice.
July 31The Preparatory Office of Dharma Drum College invited four members of the Academia Sinica and presidents of five national universities to form the "Committee for Selecting a Founding President."
Aug. 15Dharma Drum College finished revising the construction plan according to the "Reviewing Opinions" and re-submitted it to the Ministry of Education.
Sept. 4A Meeting concerning the selection of the founding president of Dharma Drum College was held.
Sept 30The Ministry of Education held an on-site examination and evaluation of the environmental effects of the construction of Dharma Drum College. The construction Administration held an on-site review of the change of land use of Dharma Drum College's construction site.
Oct. 1Eighty teachers and students of the Graduate School of Tainan Theological College visited the Institute. Prof. Lee Chih-fu, hosted a symposium.
Oct 6Ven. Sheng-yen, presided over ceremony laying the cornerstone of Dharma Drum Mountain and the storing of an Underground Time Capsule with over 10,000 government officials, local dignitaries and followers attending. The Preparatory Office of Dharma Drum College received the third revised construction plan from the Ministry of Education.
Nov. 7Senior monk An Shang, Abbot of the Chieh-Lu Temple of Suzhou, visited the Institute.
Nov 13The Preparatory Office of Dharma Drum College completed the revision of the construction plan according to the Reviewing Opinions and resubmitted it to the Ministry of Education.
Nov. 18The Institute applied to the National Science Council for research subsidies. Mr. Huang, head of one of the departments at NSC, visited the institute to review the conditions of research at the institute. At the end of December, the Institute was accepted as an organization eligible for subsidy and assistance.
Nov. 27The Institute held the first research paper presentation by full-time researchers in the current school year. About 80 people were in the audience, including teachers and students of the Institute and elsewhere.
Dec. 4The Ministry of Education approved "The Plan for the Establishment of the Dharma Drum College of Humanities and Social Science."
1997Jan. 10The Preparatory Office of Dharma Drum College visited Yuan-Ze Institute of Technology.
Jan. 24The Preparatory Office of Dharma Drum College held the first meeting for the "First Five-year Comprehensive Plan" at the An Ho Branch of Dharma Drum Mountain.
Feb. 22Mr. V. Khanna, director of the Indian Association in Taipei (India's representative in Taipei) visited the Institute and called on Ven. Sheng-yen at Nung-Chan Monastery.
MarchIn addition to the existing Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal, the Institute released the Chung-Hwa Buddhist Studies to publish the papers of young scholars.
March 17The Executive Yuan's Environmental Protection Agency passed "The Evaluation Report on the Environmental Effects of the Construction Work of Dharma Drum College of Humanities and Social Science."
March 18The fifth meeting of the third Board of Directors was convened.
April 7The Administration of Construction reviewed the land development and construction condition of Dharma Drum College.
April 17The sixth meeting of the third Board of Directors was convened.
May 15Mr. Aming Tu, a teacher of the Institute, led the students in visiting "The Center for Buddhist Studies of National Taiwan University" and "The Library of National Taiwan University."
May 28Ms. Jose Ho, a teacher of National Taiwan Normal University, conducted the extra-curricular activity of "self-dialog and self-awareness."
July 4The Institute held a Buddhist camp for college students on the theme of "The View of Liberation in Southern and Northern Buddhism."
July 16The Institute held a symposium on "Prof. Charles Fu and Thanatology" at the An-ho Branch Monastery of Dharma Drum Mountain.
July 19 - 21The Institute held the Third Chung-Hwa International Conference on Buddhism the theme of "Earthly Pure Land and Contemporary Society" at the National Central Library with 46 papers presented.
July 23The National Council of Science passed the research project "Maha Tranquility and Insight Meditation" by Prof. Lee Chih-fu, the director of the institute. The Institute and the Preparatory office of Dharma Drum College of Humanities and Social Science co-invited Ven. Dhammananda, and K. Sri Maha from Malaysia to speak on "How to Practice Buddha Dharma" at the An-ho Branch Monastery of Dharma Drum Mountain.
Sept. 8The Institute held the opening, commencement and closing ceremonies for the 1997 school year and conferred the eighth annual awards for Buddhist academic papers.
Sept. 28 - Oct 04To commemorate the 90th birthday and the 20th memorial of the death of the late Master Dong-Chu, Nung-Chan Monastery held a 7-day Emperor Liang Repentance Dharma ceremony to raise funds for the Institute's Master Dung-Chu Memorial Scholarship.
Oct. 1The Institute held the yearly thesis presentation of full-time researchers, which was attended by the faculty and students of the Institute and guests from other schools.
Oct. 1Prof. Lee Chih-fu resigned as director of the Preparatory Office of Dharma Drum University. Prof. Tseng Chi-chun, the former curator of National Central Library, was appointed as the first president of the university.
Oct. 3The Institute conferred Academic Paper Awards in memory of the Late Master Dung-Chu.
Oct. 5 - 7Ven. Sheng Yen represented the ROC at the Eleventh International Religious Leaders Peace Conference in Italy.
Oct. 8Ven. Sheng-yen accompanied Mr. Dai Rui-ming, the ROC's ambassador to the Vatican, to call on Pope John Paul II.
Oct. 13Gocha Rinpoche, Shenphen Lama, a British bhikkhu, and two lamas visited the Institute .
Oct. 14Ven. Sheng-yen wass invited by his alma mater, Rissho University of Japan, to give a talk entitled "Earthly Pure Land and Contemporary Society."
Oct. 31Accompanied by Ven. Heng-ch'ing, professor of National Taiwan University and director of the university's Buddhist Research Center, Geshe Tashi Tsering, who came to Taiwan to chair "the Symposium on the Bhikkuni Tradition in Chinese and Tibetan Buddhism" visited the Institute and collected materials concerning sila. Prof. Lee Chih-fu and Mr. Aming Tu introduced him to the collections in the Institute's library.
Nov. 7The Institute held the first coordination meeting of "The Symposium on Cross-Strait Exchange of Buddhist Education" with various Buddhist colleges participating.
Nov. 13The seventh meeting of the third Board of Directors was held.
Dec. 3The library of the Institute held a bargain sale of books and periodicals.
Dec. 6Over 60 teachers and students of Tamsui Oxford University College visited the Institute.
Dec. 23Prof. Wei Ch'ang-hai, vice director of the Department of Philosophy of Beijing University, and Mr. Chang Yi-tung, vice president of the United Daily News and the executive-general of United Daily News Foundation, visited the Institute.
Dec. 26Prof. Ho Mien-shan, director of the Department of Chinese Language and Literature of Fujien Radio and Television University of Mainland China, visited the Institute.
Dec. 31Prof. Angelika Loo of the Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures of National Taiwan University visited the Institute.
1998Jan. 22The Institute held the fifth scholarship fund raising meeting.
Feb. 01The Institute appointed Prof. Lan Chi-fu as the chief of the Education Promotion Center Mr. Aming Tu as the chief of the Buddhist Studies Information Network Center.
Feb. 04Ven. Varavajso Bhikkhu and Ven. Phra Maha Wicha Adhivijjo visited the Institute. Alone with three guests from the Dhammakaya Foundation of Thailand.Prof. Y. H. Kurumiya of Rissho University, Japan, and his wife visited the Institute.
Feb. 15The Chinese Buddhist Electronic Text Association was formally founded. Ven. Hui-min, vice director of the Institute, and Mr. Aming Tu, chief of the Institute's the Buddhist Studies Information Network Center, were appointed as the director and secretary-general of the association respectively. Its office will be located at Hui Jih Lecture Hall.
March 01The Institute asked Prof. Hsu Ming-yin to go to Mainland China to invite Buddhist educators to participate in "The Symposium on Cross-strait Exchange of Buddhist Education".
March 2Prof. Lee Yu-min and Prof. Lin Yih-jing of the Association of Buddhist Studies came to the Institute to discuss pans for the the "Symposium on Buddhist Literature and Art," which is to be sponsored by the Institute.
March 3Geshe Damchoe, director of the Dialectics Institute founded by H.H. the Dalai Lama, visited Nung Chan Monastery to call on Ven. Sheng-yen, and discuss a cooperation and exchange program.
April 6Ven. Hui-minand Mr. Aming Tu went to Hua Yu Vihara in Taichung to visit the Elder Master Yin-shun. They expressed their gratitude for the support extended to the Chinese Buddhist Electronic Text Association by the Yinshun Cultural and Educational Foundation in both North America and Taiwan, including Hui Jih Lecture Hall.
April 11-12The Symposium on Buddhist Literature and Art, sponsored by the Institute and organized by Association of Buddhist Studies, was held at the Shih-liang Building of National Taiwan University.
April 13Prof. Chih-Fu Lee and Miss Hsiu-Lan Chen, and Ven. Chan-kuang, Board Chairperson of Fa Kwang Institute of Buddhist Studies, went to Shan Tao Temple to visit Ven. Liao-chung, Founder of Hsuan Tsang College Humanities and Social Science.
April 16Prof. Chan-wu Sun of Nankai University, Mainland China, visited the Institute.
April 16Prof. Mitomo Ryojun of Rissho University, Japan, visited the Institute.
April 17Prof. Lee Chih-fu, Director of the Institute, and Prof. Chen Yin-shang, Associate Researcher of the Institute, won the Class A research prize from the National Science Council with their papers "A Study of the Fa Hua Hsuan Yi" and "The Theory of Dependent Arising in the Infinite Dharma Realm in Hua Yen Buddhism," respectively.
April 18-19Mr. Aming Tu, Chief of the Institute's Buddhist Studies Information Network Center, presented a paper at the symposium on "The Perspective of Information Science and Technology in 21st Century" co-sponsored by the Department of Book and Information at World Journalism University and Transtec Information Corp.
April 24Prof. Lee Chih-fu and Ven. Hui-min, accompanied by Mr. Aming Tu, and Dr. Christian Wittern, Chief and Advisor of the Institute's Buddhist Studies Information Network Center, respectively, visited Ven. Jen-chun at Hui Jih Lecture Hall to express their gratitude for the donation of funding for scholarships.
May 12Mr. Liu Hsien-teh, Chief of the Personnel Division of the National Institute of the Arts, gave a lecture on "The Essentials of the Management of Documents."
May 15-18Mr. Aming Tu and Dr. Christian Wittern, participated in the "1998 Pacific Neighborhood Consortium" sponsored by the Academia Sinica, and they also gave a briefing on "Chinese Electronic Buddhist Texts."
May 20The students visited the Confucius Temple and Pao-An Temple with Hsu Yu-Ming, a student, gave a guided tour.
May 27Mr. Aming Tu and Dr. Christian Wittern, participated in the symposium on "The Digitalization of Taiwan's Historical Materials" sponsored by the National Library, the Research and Development Center of Computer System and Technology at National Taiwan University, and the Institute for Information Industry.
June 12-13Mr. Aming Tu and Dr. Christian Wittern, participated in the symposium on "The Retrospect and Prospect of Building an Database of Chinese Text" sponsored by the Academia Sinica Electronic.
June 20-25Ven. Hui-min, Mr. Aming Tu and Dr. Christian Wittern visited Tokyo University, Kyoto University and Hanazono University in Japan to negotiate a cooperative project on electronic Buddhist sutras. They also represented the Institute in paying a good-will visit to Hanazono University.
July 3-4The Institute's second-year students organized "The 1998 Symposium on Chung-Hwa Buddhist Papers."
July 7-9With the financial support of the Chinese Development Fund, the Institute hosted "The Symposium and Exposition on Liaison" in National Taiwan Normal University, with over 20 Buddhist colleges and Institutes in Taiwan and China participating.
July 8-11At the end of "The Symposium and Exposition on Liaison in Cross-Strait Buddhist Education", the Institute arranged for visits by mainland Chinese delegates to local Buddhist colleges and Institutes.
July 29A general review and thank you tea party for "Symposium and Exposition on Liaison in Cross-Strait Buddhist Education" was held at Dharma Drum Publishing Corporation.
July 30The mainland Chinese delegates of the Taiwan Liaison Group of the China Religious Research Center visited the Institute. And a small-scale symposium was held. Ven. Sheng-yen, received the visiting guests in person.
July 31The faculty and students of the Institute participated in The Ninth United Presentation of Buddhist Papers, hosted by Hua Yen Buddhist College.
Aug. 1-9At the invitation of H.H. the Dalai Lama, Ven. Hui-min, Vice Director of the Institute, participated in "The Symposium on the Re-establishment of the Tibetan Bhiksuni Sangha."
Aug. 6The Mind-only Research Center of the Institute held its second symposium, with Deputy Director Ven. Chuan-du chairing and Director Ven. Sheng-yen presenting the opening remarks.
Aug. 7Mr. Minowa Kenryo, a Japanese scholar, visited the Institute.
Aug. 13Seven distinguished guests, including Khenpo Kunga Wanggchuk Rinpoche, the great khempo of Tibetan Tsongsa Buddhist College, visited the Institute. Ven. Sheng-yen hosted a reception.
Aug. 17The ninth meeting of the Institute's third Board of Directors resolved to donate NT$ 200 million to the construction fund of the Dharma Drum College of Humanities and Social Sciences.
Aug. 27Prof. Catherine Despeux, professor of Chinese at I'inalco, and member of CNRS, France, and four other guests visited the Institute.
Aug. 29Prof. Lee Chih-fu and Miss Chen Hsiu-lan, attended the temporary meeting held by Hua Yen Buddhist College on "The draft of the law governing religious organizations," compiled by the Department of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Interior.
Sept. 01The Institute's feature issue CD-ROM was formally released.
Sept. 3the Youth Visiting Group of EMMANUEL COMMUNITY, Accompanied by Rev. Francois Baumann of Fu Jen Catholic University, France, called on the Institute.
Sept. 6-8"The Conference on Northern Buddhism and Oriental Culture--In Memory of the 2,000th Anniversary of the Introduction of Buddhism to China" was held in Beijing with over 10 participants from Taiwan, including the Institute's founder, director and vice director. The co-sponsors were the Chung-Hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies and the Institute for Research on World Religions, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Mainland China. The organizer was Dharma Drum College of Humanities and Social Science. This was the first cross-strait Buddhist conference ever held.
Sept. 14The Institute held the "1998 Opening, Commencement and Ninth Buddhist Paper Award Ceremony."
Sept. 26Prof. Lee Chih-fu, led students and colleagues in attending "Pray for You Citizens Pray for Peace" Dharma Function at Linkou Gymnasium .
Sept. 29Prof. Deng Tung-ping of National Chiao Tung University gave a lecture on "Time Management" at the Institute.
Oct. 21The Institute's students went on a one-day field trip to Hsuan Tsang University, Fa Yuan Temple, Yi Tung Temple, and Fu Yen Buddhist College.
Oct. 22Dr. Lai Hsien-chung of Hua Fan University accompanied Prof. Johannes Laube and Mrs. Laube of Munich University, Germany, on their visit to the Institute.
Oct. 22Mr. Aming Tu and Dr. Christian Wittern, attended the symposium on "New Trend of Information Indexing Technology" sponsored by Academia Sinica.
Nov. 04Accompanied by Mr. Lan Chien-fu, Prof. Wang Lei-chuan of Futan University in Shanghai, Mainland China, visited the Institute and Dharma Drum Publishing Corporation.
Nov.12Ven. Hui-min and Mr. Aming Tu visited the Agricultural Science Information Center to learn about the process of thesaurus production.
Nov.12Prof. Lee Chih-fu and Miss Chen Hsiu-lan, attended the conference commemorating the 100th anniversary of Mr. Chou Hsuen-teh, the founder of Torch of Wisdom Monthly.
Nov.24Prof. Wan Kin-chuan, Director of the Institute of Buddhist Culture, Nan Hwa Management College, led graduate students in visiting the Institute.
Nov.25The presentation of papers by full-time researchers was held.
Nov.28Mr. Toda Takashi of Tripitaka Text Database, Japan, visited the Institute.
Dec. 2Mr. Jigme K. Norbu, Executive Director of Tibetan Cultural Center, Bloomington, Indiana, United States, and his family visited the Institute.
Dec. 19The Institute's Library held an exchange and auction of books and periodicals. Mr. Wu Wen-chen was invited to introduce Buddhist arts in the Institute.
Dec. 20The Institute assisted the Chinese Buddhist Electronic Texts Association in presenting its accomplishments.
Dec. 25The Institute held a meeting to present the accomplishments of its alumni.
1999Jan. 4~7Prof. Lee Chih-fu went to Shenzhen, Mainland China, to participate in the "International Conference on Culture and Society," co-sponsored by Southern China Normal University and Shenzhen City. He also gave a lecture and signs an agreement of academic exchange with the Institute of Philosophy of Sun Yat-sen University in Kwang -chou.
Jan. 5Fr. Albert Poulet-Mathis, S.J. visited the Institute, accompanied by Fr. Raymond T. Gawronski of the Department of Theology, Marquette University, USA.
Jan. 12~21The Institute organized a joint meeting sponsored by Ministry of Education and Academia Sinica, on the topics "Electronic Buddhist Texts Initiative," "Electronic Cultural Atlas," "Scholars Electronic Resources", and "Pacific Neighborhood ". (1/12~1/14 Training; 1/15~1/16 Tutorial, 1/18~1/21 Joint Meeting.)
Jan. 22Prof. and Mrs. Charles Muller of Toyo Gakuen University, Japan, and Mr. Howie X. Lan, Project Manager, Instruction Technology Program University of California, visited the Institute.
Jan. 29Prof. Deng Tung-ping of National Chiao, Tung University was invited to give a lecture entitled "How to Help Your Boss to Help Yourself" at the Institute.
Feb. 8Ven. Kono Taitsu, Prof. Okimoto Katsumi, and Prof. Shiozawa of Hanazono University visited the Institute, Nung Ch'an Monastery and Dharma Drum Mountain.
Feb. 23Prof. Matsumura Jyugon and Prof. Otani Kogyo of Rissho University, Japan visited the Institute and Dharma Drum Mountain.
April 3Fr. Albert Poulet-Mathis, S. J. escorted faculty and students of the Department of Religious Studies at Fu Jen University on a visit to the Institute, and participated in an informal discussion.
April 30The Institute received 250 volumes of Burmese and Pali palm-leaf scriptures donated by a generous layman. The library had since classified these rare books as a part of its special collection.
May 10Associate Professor of the Institute Chen Ying-shan received a research award from the National Science Council for her book Tiantai Theories of Nature.
May 12As a part of their "time with the director of the Institute," faculty and students visited the Zhao Ming Temple in Daxi, classified as a historic monument. They also toured the elegant old streets of Daxi.
May 17Dr. Christian Wittern attended the conference "Aspetti della tradizione religiosa tibetana e contatti con aree culturali attigue" at the Istituto Venezia e l'Oriente in Venice, Italy, where he delivered a paper entitled "Style and Fashion in Early Song Chan Yulu."
May 29The Institute signed an agreement of scholarly exchange with the Research Institute of Religious Culture at Zhong Shan University and the Research Institute of Chinese Philosophy and Religious Culture at Nanjing University. The two institutions were represented by Professors Feng Da-wen and Hong Xiu-ping, directors of their respective institutes, and Lee Chih-fu, Director of the Institute.
May 31Participants in the Symposium on Contemporary Chan Studies in Taiwan and the Mainland visited the Institute. The group consisted of twenty-five people, both organizers of the symposium and Mainland scholars, including Yang Zeng-wen and Ge Zhao-guang.
June 1The second CD-ROM in the CBSI Special Collection was released. The CD-ROM includes volumes five through ten of the Chinese Buddhist Electronic Texts Association Digital Buddhist Canon, sponsored by the Chung-Hwa Committee to Assist the Digital Buddhist Canon.
June 2President of Bukkyo Daigaku, Dr. Shinko Nakai and Umeda Takumi, Head of General Affairs, visited the Institute accompanied by Ms. Lin Pao-bi. They were greeted by Director Lee Chih-fu and Vice Director Ven. Hui-min.
June 9~13Aming Tu and Christian Wittern attended the ACH/ALLC 1999 Conference at the University of Virginia, Charlottesville.
June 15~16Ven. Hui-min, Aming Tu and Christian Wittern attended the "Symposium on Problem Characters in Ancient Texts" sponsored by the Institute of History and Philology at Academia Sinica. Dr. Wittern delivered a paper entitled "TEI (SGML/XML) for Chinese Documents--a preliminary report."
July 10~11The Institute conducted the "Buddhist Studies Workshop for Students in Professional Schools." The workshop was organized by second-year graduate students of the Institute. The theme for this year was "Buddhist Studies and Information Technologies." July 12~14, 1999 Mr. Aming Tu attended the conference "Computer Studies of Mongolian and Tibetan Historical Sources" hosted by the Russian Academy of Sciences and delivered a paper entitled "Tibetan Net Resources in Taiwan."
July 21Director Lee Chih-fu 's research project on the Cheng wei-shih lun received funding for the second year from the National Science Council.
July 27The Institute formally accepted the "Comprehensive Database for Buddhist Studies" created by the Center for Buddhist Studies at Taiwan National University.
Aug. 5The Institute signed an agreement of cooperation with the Fu-yan Buddhist Studies Institute in order to improve educational and research exchange between the two institutes.
Aug. 13Through Mr. Friedrich Grohmann, Mr. Peter Skilling was introduced to the Institute. Professor Skilling, a specialist in fragile palm-leaf manuscripts, arranged for Dr. Jacqueline Filliozat and Dr. Peter Nyunt to come to the institute in January 2000 to assist in the organization and cataloging of the Theravadin palm-leaf manuscripts in the library's collection.
Aug. 23~28Mr. Aming Tu and Dr. Christian Wittern attended the "XIIth International Association of Buddhist Studies" hosted by the University of Lausanne in Switzerland. Mr. Tu delivered a paper entitled "A Digital Library for Buddhist Studies." Dr. Wittern gave a paper entitled "Digitization of the Chinese Buddhist Tripitaka."
Aug. 30More than thirty members of the Ichimigai of the Nichiren shu, led by Professor Otani Kogyo of Rissho Daigaku, visited the Institute where they were personally met by Director Lee Chih-fu and Vice-Director Ven. Hui-min.
Sept. 6The 1999 academic year began with a ceremony for the tenth Buddhist Studies awards for outstanding academic compositions.
Sept. 10The "Committee for Relocation Planning" was formed to hold regular meetings to discuss various tasks involved in the relocation of the Institute which is scheduled to move to Dharma Drum Mountain in June, 2001.
Sept. 29One of the largest earthquakes in Taiwan's history hit the island. Ven. Sheng-yen, asked that plans to publish "Essays in Buddhist Studies in Honor of the Seventieth Birthday of Ven. Master Sheng-yen" be canceled along with other related activities. The English articles in this collection appeared instead in issue 13 of the Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal. The Japanese articles in the collection will appear under a different title in a book to be published by Sankibo in Japan.
Sept. 29Professor Okimoto Katsumi of Kanazono University along with two other professors representing the President of Kanazono, Kono Taitsu, came to the Institute to express their concern over the earthquake in Taiwan. They donated two-hundred thousand yen as well as gloves, masks and other goods to be used in relief efforts.
Oct. 16"The Dharma Drum Symposium on the Pure Land," sponsored by the Institute with the support of various organs of the Dharma Drum organization washeld at the Hua-qiao Center in Bei-tou. Six papers were read at the symposium, which also included a ceremony of prayers and recitations.
Oct. 29Ven. Master Sheng-yen, and the President of Taiwan National University, Chen Wei-zhao, signed an agreement for the "Digital Buddhist Library and Museum." The Center for WWW Information at the Institute will be in charge of collecting, organizing and digitizing material for the digital library and museum.
Oct. 30Representatives from the Third Session for Buddhist Educational Exchange between Taiwan and the Mainland China, including the Mainland representative Ven. Sheng-hui and representatives from various Buddhist studies organizations visited the Institute. The Institute donated several crates of Buddhist books to the Chinese Buddhist Studies Institute, the Minnan Buddhist Studies Institute, the Fujian Buddhist Studies Institute, the Hunan Buddhist Studies Institute, and the Putuoshan Buddhist Studies Institute. Director Lee Chih-fu personally greeted the guests.
Nov. 3The entire faculty, student body and staff of the Institute took a field trip to the studio of sculptor Wang Xiu-qi as well as the special exhibition of Han Dynasty artifacts at the National Palace Museum.
Nov. 3Dr. Shinko Nakai of Bukkyo Daigaku visited the Institute together with the Director of General Affairs, Umeda Takumi to express their concern over the effectsof the earthquake.
Dec. 8In accordance with island-wide library activities, the library held activities in which journals were exchanged, sold and given away. Professor Lai Dingming delivered a lecture entitled "How Libraries can Support Multimedia Educational Systems."
Dec. 31Director Lee Chih-Fu 's research project on the Mohe zhiguan was completed after two years of support from the National Science Council.
2000Jan. 1∼Dec. 31Ven. Hui-min and Mr. Aming Tu of the Institute executed "The Study and Organization of Documents, Images, Geographical and Historical Records", a sub-project of "Digital Museum──The World of Xuanzang and Silk Road" cosigned by the National Science Council.
Jan. 10Dr. Jacqueline Filliozat of the Far Eastern Institute, France, and Mr. Peter Nyunt, a Myanmar scholar, came to the Institute to assist the arrangement and cataloguing of the Pali paretta suttas collected by the Institute. The whole catalogue information compiled by Dr. Jacqueline Filliozat will be published on Issue No. 14 of "Chung-Hwa Buddhist Journal."
Jan. 11∼17Ven. Hui-min, Mr. Aming Tu, Dr. Christian Wittern and Zhou Ray of the Institute went to the University of California, Berkeley to attend the "Pacific Net Conference 2000" and "Electronic Buddhist Text Initiative Conference 2000." Ven. Hui-min, Mr. Aming Tu, and Dr. Christian Wittern presented one paper each.
Feb. 2Ven. Zhi-yun, Director of Song-guang Temple Buddhist College, Korea, led a group of twelve persons to visit the Institute.
April 28∼May 2Prof. Pavel Grokhovski of the Faculty of Oriental Studies at St. Petersburg State University of Russia visited the Institute, the Nung-ch'an Monastery and Dharma Drum Mountain under the guidance of the Research and Development Section of the Institute.
May 4The president of Fujian Provincial Senior Normal College led a group of over ten persons to visit the Institute. The group was greeted by Prof. Lee Chih-fu, Director of the Institute.
May 5The Institute established an inter-library loan relationship with Fa-Kwang Institute of Buddhist Studies to share resources including books and photocopying of periodicals.
May 6The Opening ceremony for the "Digital Buddhist Library and Museum" office at National Taiwan University co-sponsored by the Institute and the University took place. It was co-chaired by Dr. Chen Wei-chao, President of the University and Dr. Tseng Chi-chun, President of the University of Dharma Drum. Prof. Lee Chih-fu, Director of the Institute, delivered a speech of thanks. Ven. Hui-min was master of ceremonies.
May 8The Institute won the Outstanding Group Prize in the liberal arts category of "The Third Outstanding Group Engaging in Cross-strait Cultural Interchange," sponsored by the Mainland Affairs Commission of the Executive Yuan. Prof. Lee Chih-fu and Miss Chen Hsiu-lan, Director and Executive Secretary of the Institute, attended the award ceremony.
May 22Catholic Fr. Albert Poulet-Mathis, S. J. from France escorted two French Catholics, Fr. "The Symposium on Yogacara Buddhism in China" sponsored by the International Institute for Asian Studies of the University of Leiden, Nederland.
June8~9With financial assistance from the National Science Council, Ven. Hui-min, attended "The Symposium on Yogacare Buddhism in China" sponsored by the International Institute for Asian Studies of the University of Leiden, Nederland.
June 23∼29Mr. Aming Tu attended the "2000 Electronic Culture Atlas Initiative" sponsored by the British Library. He presented a paper on Xuanzang and the Tang Dynasty Record of the Western Regions (Da Tang Xi Yu Ji).
June 30∼July 2Mr. Aming Tu attended the "Fifth Annual Conference of the UK Association for Buddhist Studies", sponsored by the University of Bristol. He presented a paper entitled "Electronic Taisho Tripitaka and Chinese Buddhist Net Resources."
July 5Prof. Lee Chih-fu's "A Study on Mahāyāna Saparigraha Shūstra" passed the theme research grant-in-aid project of the National Science Council.
July 21∼26Dr. Christian Wittern, Advisor to the Institute's Buddhist Studies Information Network Center, represented the Institute in attending and presented a paper in the "ACH/ALLC 2000 Conference" at the University of Glasgow.
July 25Mr. Ranjit Gupta, Director of the India-Taipei Association, and his wife visited the Institute and were greeted by Director Prof. Chih-fu Lee.
Aug. 26∼27The Institute hosted the 11th United Presentation of Buddhist Papers with 30 papers presented, including six papers by post-graduate students from Jongxan University, Nanking University, and China Buddhist College.
Aug. 27Ven. Chuan Hsiao, President of the Sangha Supporting Association, and over ten chief staff and members visited the Institute and donated NT$100,000.
Sept. 4The Institute held the School Year 2000 opening and commencement ceremonies and the Eleventh Buddhist Paper Award Conferring Ceremony. Elevennew students were enrolled, and three students theses passed oral test.
Sept. 19The Chinese Mainland participants of "Cross-strait Youth Scholars Forum Seminar" visited the Institute and were greeted by the Institute's Director Prof. Lee Chih-fu.
Oct. 2∼8Ven. Hui-min and Mr. Aming Tu attended an international academic conference sponsored by the Faculty of Oriental Studies of Saint-Petersburg State University, Russia. They also signed a contract of cooperation with the University's Department of Oriental Studies. The Institute donated one set each of the Taisho Tripitaka and the Dragon Tripitaka. Meanwhile, they participated in the "Conference on East Asia──Saint-Petersburg──Europe: Inter-civilizational Contacts and Perspectives on E conomic Cooperation," and presented a paper on "The World of Xuanzang the and the Silk Road : A Presentation of Inter-civilizational Contacts in Digital Format."
Oct. 4∼Dec. 4Prof. Gong Jun, Director of the Institute of Philosophy of South China Normal University in Mainland China, came to the Institute for a two-month period of research. He was invited to give three speeches entitled "A Reflection on the Chinese Ch'an Methodology from a Comparative Perspective," and "The Significance of Contemporary Chinese Buddhist Thoughts in the History of ideas" (part I and II) on Oct. 30, Nov. 6, and Nov. 29 respectively.
Oct. 26Prof. Lee Chih-fu attended the consultation meeting of "The Extension of Cross-strait Interchange" sponsored by the Mainland Affairs Commission of the Executive Yuan.
Nov. 2Six members from the staff of the Faculty of Buddhist Studies of Rissho University, Japan, including its dean Prof. Kenyo Mitomo visited the Institute and were received by Prof. Lee Chif-fu and Ven. Hui-min.
Nov. 9The Institute sponsored an outdoor excursion to Hwa Tao Pottery Kiln in Miaoli with over 70 participants including faculty, students, administrators, residents of the Chung-Hwa Culture Hall, and volunteers.
Nov. 15The Institute held its yearly research paper presentation by four full-time researchers: Ven. Hui-yen, Prof. Chen Yin-shang, Prof. Lan Chi-fu, and Mr. Liao Bun-sheng.
Nov. 15∼16Mr. Aming Tu attended "The PNC 2000 National Digital Archives and Text Encoding Interchange Workshop" co-sponsored by the Computer Center of Academia Sinica and Pacific Neighbourhood Council. Mr. Tu presented a paper on "TEI Text Encoding──A Case Study of CBETA and TEI." Also, Dr. Christian Wittern presented a paper entitled "Introduction to Markup and the TEI Guidelines."
Nov. 24Fr. Albert Poulet-Mathis, S. J. From France accompanied Fr. Benoit Vermander, Director of the Ricci Institute for Chinese Studies and two German scholars on a visit to the Institute. They were received by Prof. Lee Chih-fu.
Dec. 3Ven. Hui-min won the yearly Social Service Prize in the category special library contribution. The sponsor, The Library Association of China, conferred the prize at the National Library.
Dec. 5∼8Ven. Hui-min, Mr. Aming Tu and Dr. Christian Wittern attended the "International Conference on Buddhism and the 21st Century Digital Information Society" and "The Completion of the Digitalization of the Korean Buddhist Canon" sponsored by "The Research Institute of Tripitaka Koreana" at Dongguk University, Seoul, Korea. Dr. Christian Wittern presented a paper on "Some Thoughts on New Modes of Research in Buddhist Studies in Society Based on Digital Information."
Dec. 9Mr. Aming Tu of the Institute attended the "APEC 2000 Digital Museum Initiative: Information Technology for Sharing Humanistic Content" sponsored by the National Science Council. He also reported on the project "Digital Museum─ ─The World of Xuanzang and Silk Road" at the Information Institute of Academia Sinica.


A Fruitful Harvest


The Beginning



By 1992, there were already eight sessions of graduates from the Chung-hwa Institute of Buddhist Studies. With the return of alumni who had furthered their education abroad such as Ven. Hui-min, Mr. Deng Ke-ming, and so forth, there were occasional meetings and contact between alumni. The founder, Ven. Sheng-yen, was pleased to see the growth and development of each graduate, and he hoped that the alumni could establish closer ties by mutually exchanging their learning experiences and attending reunions at the Institute. Thus on Feb. 28, the preparatory office for setting up the alumni association was established, hoping to gather the strength of alumni from every session and gradually achieve the goals mentioned above. The alumni association would be set up within the Institute.

On April 10, 1994, an association meeting was held at the second floor of the Institute of Buddhist Culture, and a formal constitution of the association was passed. The purposes of the alumni association were to establish contacts among alumni, enhance the development of the Institute, and promote Buddhist Studies. The Alumni Association would publish a newsletter, hold re-unions, and set up an alumni network.

Ven. Sheng-yen was invited to be the mentor of the Association. There would be one president, three executives, and one secretary. The president supervised the affairs of the association, the executives assisted in the execution, and the secretary dealt with the publication of the newsletter and the finances.

During the sixth session, an Activities Section and Acwas responsible for setting up the alumni website. Modern information technology was used to strengthen alumni ties, and alumni reunions can be held everyday on the Internet.


-- The End --